Quran Quote  : 

وَالۡعٰدِيٰتِ ضَبۡحًاۙ‏ ﴿۱﴾

1. (I swear) by (horses) who run snortingly (in war)(1).

1. The word Adiyaat is derived from ADOO and it means to run, to exceed the limit. It is for this reason that an enemy is called ADOO as he has exceeded the limit of love. It means oath on those horses of the Muslim soldiers who during Holy War come out of their boundary and enter the boundaries and borders of the infidels. From this emerge a few issues:

1. That Surah Adiyat, in all probability, is Madinite because prior to Hijrah there was neither Holy War nor horses of the Muslim soldiers. If it was Makkan, then it would be said that in it there is a prophecy of the future.

2. The status of Muslim soldier because Allah Almighty had taken an oath on their horses, in fact on the breath of these horses and their hooves, etc. is very lofty,

3. When the horse of an Islamic soldier takes the soldier on its back, it has increased its own dignity. Thus, on the night of Hijrah when Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique placed the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم on his shoulders when Hazrat Alli Murtaza made the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم to sleep on his lap at a place called Sahba; when Hazrat Aisha Siddiqah had placed the blessed head of Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم her chest at the time of his demise; and Hazrat Amina and Bibi Halima Saadia who fed the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم in their laps. What would be the lofty dignity of these?

4. Since the breath of the horse of an Islamic soldier is so blessed, that oath is taken on it then the breath of the one who remembers Allah Almighty, too, is blessed through which there is cure of the ills of people. In the life of the Noble Sufis the meaning of this verse could also be Oath is on that Godly Group who have come out of the sensual and devilish boundaries and entered the boundaries of the Most Compassionate through

Surah Name : Al-Adiyat   Surah Number : 100   Ayat Number: 1
Topic : Horse

فَالۡمُوۡرِيٰتِ قَدۡحًاۙ‏ ﴿۲﴾

2. Bringing out sparks from stones striking their hooves (2).

2. It means when those horses walk on rocky ground a spark emanates from their hooves. This is so beloved to Allah Almighty that it is mentioned in the oath. This tells us that even distant contact with the beloveds of Allah Almighty is a means of gaining respect. According to the Sufi practice, a person who is stone hearted too will have a glowing heart if he maintains contact with the pious servants of Allah Almighty.

Surah Name : Al-Adiyat   Surah Number : 100   Ayat Number: 2
Topic : Horse

فَالۡمُغِيۡرٰتِ صُبۡحًاۙ‏ ﴿۳﴾

3. And making raids at dawn (3).

3. After travelling the entire night they attack the infidels in the darkness. This tells us that Jihad in the early hours of the morning is full of blessings. In fact, every deed whether religious or worldly, done in the morning is full of Divine grace.

Surah Name : Al-Adiyat   Surah Number : 100   Ayat Number: 3
Topic : Fajr Dawn Morning

فَاَثَرۡنَ بِهٖ نَقۡعًاۙ‏ ﴿۴﴾

4. Thereby raising dust clouds (4).

4. This tells us that the dust raised during the Holy War, too, is beloved to Allah Almighty as it is the dust of the Path of Allah. The tears shed out of fear of Allah and fighting in His Path are an excellent form of extinguishing the fire of Hell.

Surah Name : Al-Adiyat   Surah Number : 100   Ayat Number: 4
Topic : Dust

فَوَسَطۡنَ بِهٖ جَمۡعًاۙ‏ ﴿۵﴾

5. And penetrating in the middle of the forces (5) (of enemy).

5. It means those horses of the Muslim soldiers in this attack rush into the infidel forces without any fear. This penetration of theirs, too, is beloved to Allah Almighty. Likewise, that believer who is trapped by the evil people remains steadfast in his faith is accepted in the court of Allah Almighty.

Surah Name : Al-Adiyat   Surah Number : 100   Ayat Number: 5
Topic : Others

 اِنَّ الۡاِنۡسَانَ لِرَبِّهٖ لَـكَنُوۡدٌ‌ۚ‏ ﴿۶﴾

6. Undoubtedly, man is ungrateful (6) to the Lord.

6. Here, a person suggests a negligent person or an infidel and not Prophets and Saints. Says Allah Almighty: "Are there very few in My bondsmen that are thankful?"(S34:V13) And regarding the Prophets it is said: "Most certainly he was a thankful servant"(S17.V3). What it means is that some out of ingratitude to Allah Almighty do not believe in Allah Almighty like the atheists and after believing in Allah Almighty regard His bounties to belong to someone else, like the polytheists, while some regard bounties as a creation of their own excellence and some do not ponder over these bounties as to why they have received these and what is the way of expressing gratitude for them. It should be remembered that in the entire creation most favours have been bestowed on man. It is him who is made the noblest creation. It is he who is made the master over all the creation who renders service to him. Prophets and Saints are born from man.

The most ungrateful, too, is man. It is he who laid false claims to divinity and Prophethood. It is a man who had opposed the Prophets. Gratitude can be of the heart, of the tongue as well as of practice. Practical gratitude is of many kinds. All types of worship and service to mankind are kinds of practical gratitude. Similarly, ingratitude too is of the heart, verbal, practical, etc. Practical ingratitude is of many types. Of these some forms of ingratitude are infidelity, some are transgression. Ingratitude of the heart is one of e the worst forms of diseases whose physicians are the grateful persons. To be in their or company, to study their books and about their conditions, and to look at those below you in the world, to think about those above in e religion, and to think that the bounties of Allah the Almighty are not our possessions but a trust from Allah Almighty and to abuse as a breach of trust, etc. are the remedies of this disease.

Surah Name : Al-Adiyat   Surah Number : 100   Ayat Number: 6
Topic : Ungrateful

وَاِنَّهٗ عَلٰى ذٰلِكَ لَشَهِيۡدٌ‌ۚ‏ ﴿۷﴾

7. And certainly he is a witness(7)

7. The personal pronoun in "undoubtedly he" either returns to Allah Almighty or towards man (Tafseer Baidawi, Khazain, etc.). Allah Almighty Himself is the witness over the ingratitude of man, as He is observing every movement of man. Or, that man himself is the witness against his ingratitude as tomorrow, on the Day of Judgement all his limbs would be testifying about his deeds. Or, that even today man is the witness over his ingratitude because after committing a sin his own heart censures him and he tries to hide those from the people. Or, that man taunts others at these defects of theirs, which are found in him i.e. he is testifying against himself by calling the names of others (Tafseer Azizi).

Surah Name : Al-Adiyat   Surah Number : 100   Ayat Number: 7
Topic : Witness

وَاِنَّهٗ لِحُبِّ الۡخَيۡرِ لَشَدِيۡدٌؕ‏ ﴿۸﴾

8.And surely he is passionate for the love of wealth (8).

8. It means callous man has become hard-hearted due to his love for material wealth because love of wealth is the cause of hard-heartedness just as love of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم is the means of being soft hearted. Observe! Yazid, Pharaoh, Shaddaad, were more hard-hearted than the animals simply because of their love for the worldly things. Or, a negligent man is hard-hearted because of his love for wealth, but he is softhearted if he is religiously inclined. It is for this reason that generally people bear difficulties for the sake of the world, which they will never bear for the sake of religion:

It should be remembered that the love for the world is of four types: Love of faith i.e. love for wealth for Hajj, etc. love for sensual desire like having love for wealth for personal comforts, love for transgression i.e. love for accumulation and hoarding of wealth; Satanic love i.e. love for wealth for the purpose of sin and rebellion. Here, the latter two types are denoted: The first type of love is acts of worship. Hazrat Sulaiman (On whom be peace) had said: "Most certainly I have loved the love for these" (S38:V32). The Holy Prophet loved the horses of the Muslim soldiers. Since wealth is the means of achieving much good, hence it has been called as the obtainer of good. Near the pious Sufis that love for a bounty, which saturates the heart is evil in which there is no place for the love of the Bestower of the bounty. The very thing is denoted here. In the deepest recesses of the heart there should be love for the beloved only, without any place for any foreign being. Other types of love are outside the heart. As long as the ship is in the water it is safe but if the water enters the ship it will sink.

Surah Name : Al-Adiyat   Surah Number : 100   Ayat Number: 8
Topic : Ardent Love for wealth

 اَفَلَا يَعۡلَمُ اِذَا بُعۡثِرَ مَا فِىۡ الۡقُبُوۡرِۙ‏ ﴿۹﴾

9. Does such one know not when those in grave (9) would be raised again? overthrown

This question is for negation i.e. although one knows about the Day of Judgement, but he ever prepares for it. A believer is aware of it and believes in it. An infidel is aware of it though he does not believe in it. Because the infidels were aware that the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم was truthful, but due to jealousy they had rejected his Prophethood.

Surah Name : Al-Adiyat   Surah Number : 100   Ayat Number: 9
Topic : Ardent Love for wealth

وَحُصِّلَ مَا فِىۡ الصُّدُوۡرِۙ‏ ﴿۱۰﴾

10.And what is in their breasts (10) is brought out.

10. In that inner faith, infidelity, hypocrisy, love or enmity for the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم would all be revealed on the faces. At the time of seeking intercession from the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم and seeing him at his lofty station (Maqaame Mahmood) the faces of the believers would be shining brightly. From this we learn that on the Day of Judgement the believers would be distinguished from the infidels. Or, in that infidelity and belief will appear in different forms before the infidels and believers. Or, in that the writings of infidelity and faith would be before them. It should be remembered that there is no recording of involuntary lurking fears and evil suggestions of the heart nor is there punishment and reward for them. But for intentions, etc. with one's power there is a record as well as reward and punishment for them. Thus, there is no objection that can be raised about the verse.

Surah Name : Al-Adiyat   Surah Number : 100   Ayat Number: 10
Topic : Secrets

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