Quran Quote  : 

لِاِيۡلٰفِ قُرَيۡشٍۙ‏ ﴿۱﴾

1. Because of the attachment of the Quraish (1).

1. The children of Nadar bin Kanana are called Quraish. The following is the genealogy of the Holy Prophet Muhammad son of Abdullah, son of Abdul Muttalib, son of Hashim, son of Abd Manaf, son of Qusay, son of Kilaab, son of Murra, son of Ka'b, son of Luway, son of Ghalib, son of Fahr, son of Malik, son of Nadar bin Kanana. Since the Quraish are from the progeny of Hazrat Ebrahim (On whom be peace), the inhabitants of the Haram, the servants of the Holy Ka'bah, administrators of Zam-Zam and in the end the compatriots of our Holy Prophet . Therefore they had enjoyed honour from earlier times, and they enjoy the same now as well. The word 'Quraish' is derived from QARSH, meaning to obtain mastery. It is for this reason that the sea animal, which devours all the other animals, is called Qarsh. No animal can devour it (Tafseer Azizi, etc).

Surah Name : Quraysh   Surah Number : 106   Ayat Number: 1
Topic : Quraysh

اٖلٰفِهِمۡ رِحۡلَةَ الشِّتَآءِ وَالصَّيۡفِ‌ۚ‏ ﴿۲﴾

2. (Allah) kept them attached in their journeys during winter and summer (2)

2. The holy city of Makkah is surrounded by mountains. It was a desert-like sandy territory where there was no growth of any type. The wealth obtained from the period of Hajj was not sufficient for the people for a year. Therefore, during the winter season they would send trade caravans to Yemen and during summer to Syria. These caravans were very dear to the Quraish and since they were possessors of the above-mentioned attributes, robbers did not attack them en route to those destinations. Wherever these caravans would stop, the others would treat them generously and shower gifts on them. Thus, due to these journeys, the Quraish had become accustomed to travelling, gain experience in it and had become aware of these countries. That is why by means of them, propagation of Islam and many victories were gained in these places and they had learnt the art of governorship. These journeys proved very favourable and blessed for them. For that reason, these journeys have been mentioned specifically.

Surah Name : Quraysh   Surah Number : 106   Ayat Number: 2
Topic : Quraysh

فَلۡيَعۡبُدُوۡا رَبَّ هٰذَا الۡبَيۡتِۙ‏ ﴿۳﴾

3. So they should worship the Lord(3) of this House (the Ka'bah).

3. It means, O Quraish of Makkah! People render service to you because you are the servant of the Holy Ka'bah. Then it becomes your obligation to worship the Lord of the Ka'bah (Tafseer Azizi). From this we learn that the one whom Allah Almighty grants religious honour, he should serve the religion, as is the example of the Ulama, the religious guides, the Sayyeds, etc. Since they are enjoying the benefits of the name of the Holy Prophet they should be loyal to him, as well. It should be remembered that this Surah is Makkan and was probably revealed before Me'raaj, when Salaah, Fasting, etc. had not been made obligatory. Here, worship signifies reciting the names of Allah Almighty and His Beloved Rasul, i.e. reciting the Kalimah. To see the blessed face of the Holy Prophet, with love, is the first act of worship of Islam and is superior to all other acts of worship.

From this, emerge a few issues:

1. The infidels, too, are obligated to religious worship. They should accept Islam and perform these worships.

2. In the state of infidelity no pious act is a true act of worship, because the infidels of Makkah would perform Tawaaf, Hajj, and Umrah and render service to the pilgrims, but these have been declared as null and void. 3. The Sacred Ka'bah is the manifestation of Divine splendour.

4. Although Allah Almighty is the Lord of everyone, lofty and low, His Divinity should be linked with His lofty creation. You should therefore say: "O Lord of Mustapha, O Lord of the Sacred Ka'bah."

5. Although the Ka'bah is built like other homes, having been built of stones, wood, walls, roof, etc., it is not like them. Although the Holy Qur'aan is printed with ink on paper like other books, it is not like them. Likewise, although the Prophets eat and drink, they are totally different from us.

Surah Name : Quraysh   Surah Number : 106   Ayat Number: 3
Topic : Allah Worship

الَّذِىۡۤ اَطۡعَمَهُمۡ مِّنۡ جُوۡعٍ ۙ وَّاٰمَنَهُمۡ مِّنۡ خَوۡفٍ‏ ﴿۴﴾

4. Who has fed them against hunger (4) and secured them from a big fear (5).

4. In that He provided them with sustenance in the mountainous, barren territory of Makkah, through the glory of the Ka'bah. Or, when the people of Makkah totally boycotted the believers, Allah Almighty stopped rainfall and import and export from them. But, when they ended the boycott, it began to rain again, import and export began once again and they found relief from hunger. From this we learn that in hunger, bread is a bounty from Allah Almighty, for which expressing gratitude is obligatory. Or, that He granted the people of Makkah relief from spiritual hunger by blessing them with spiritual nourishment through the the medium of Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم| form of faith and acts of worship.

5.In that there is peace and security in the Haram Shareef. Or, that He had protected the people of Makkah from the fear of leprosy, i.e. this disease will never take place there. Furthermore, there is safety from all types of epidemics and plagues. Or, due to the blessing of the Haram, He safeguarded the people of Makkah from death and destruction, because everywhere in Arabia plundering and pilfering is rife. Or, that due to the blessings of the Prophet , He granted them protection from the fears of the grave and the Hereafter. By accepting faith, they could enter Paradise. The city is on a straight path, which is the place of intercession.

Surah Name : Quraysh   Surah Number : 106   Ayat Number: 4
Topic : Allah Worship

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