Quran Quote  : 

اِنَّاۤ اَرۡسَلۡنَا نُوۡحًا اِلٰى قَوۡمِهٖۤ اَنۡ اَنۡذِرۡ قَوۡمَكَ مِنۡ قَبۡلِ اَنۡ يَّاۡتِيَهُمۡ عَذَابٌ اَلِيۡمٌ‏ ﴿۱﴾

Surely, We sent Nuh (1) to the people, saying: "Warn your people, before there comes upon them a painful punishment" (2).

1. From the beginning till the end this Surah only has a discussion about Hazrat Nuh (On whom be peace). At that point in time, Hazrat Nuh (On whom be peace) was the prophet of all the humans, and at that time the population was very small. His blessed name was either Abdul Ghaffar or Yashkur. He was given the title of Nuh because he would lament a great deal. He is the fourth Prophet, and the first Prophet to propagate the Message of Allah Almighty to the infidels. The first people to receive Divine punishment, too, were the people of Nuh. 2. At the time of death in the world, in the grave, and in the Hereafter, that is, warn them before the punishment comes. After the punishment comes both your warning and their fear of the punishment would be an exercise in futility.

Surah Name : Nuh   Surah Number : 71   Ayat Number: 1
Topic : Story of Nuh

قَالَ يٰقَوۡمِ اِنِّىۡ لَـكُمۡ نَذِيۡرٌ مُّبِيۡنٌۙ‏ ﴿۲﴾

He said: "O my people, I am a clear warner (3) to you."

3. This tells us that a believer can call the infidels his people, although to love them and be attached to them is forbidden. We further learn that there should be gentleness in propagation.

Surah Name : Nuh   Surah Number : 71   Ayat Number: 2
Topic : Story of Nuh

اَنِ اعۡبُدُوۡا اللّٰهَ وَاتَّقُوۡهُ وَاَطِيۡعُوۡنِۙ‏ ﴿۳﴾

"That you should worship (4) Allah and fear Him, and obey me."

4. Worship is meant accepting faith i.e. sincere worship; otherwise, no worship is incumbent on the infidel. Piety is meant sincere fear of Allah Almighty while obedience denotes an outward form of worship. Hence, this verse includes faith and spirituality.

Surah Name : Nuh   Surah Number : 71   Ayat Number: 3
Topic : Story of Nuh

يَغۡفِرۡ لَـكُمۡ مِّنۡ ذُنُوۡبِكُمۡ وَيُؤَخِّرۡكُمۡ اِلٰٓى اَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّى‌ؕ اِنَّ اَجَلَ اللّٰهِ اِذَا جَآءَ لَا يُؤَخَّرُ‌‌ۘ لَوۡ كُنۡتُمۡ تَعۡلَمُوۡنَ‏ ﴿۴﴾

"He will forgive (5) some of your sins and grant you a delay to an appointed (6) term. Certainly, the promise of Allah cannot be deferred (7) when it comes. If you but know (8).

5. This means He will not forgive the infringement of human rights. From this, we learn that the sins in the state of infidelity would be forgiven after accepting Islam, except for the infringement of human rights. The person will have to fulfill his obligatory duties and pay back what is due to the oppressed.

6. In that He will not send punishment in. your entire life. Thus, there is nothing objectionable about the verse.

7. This means that if you did not accept faith, then most certainly punishment will descend upon you, but not in a hurry. It will come at its appointed time. However, do not be deceived by its delay.

8. If you could understand the wisdom behind this delay in the punishment and thereby have accepted faith, and could not have been deceived by delay in the coming of the punishment.

Surah Name : Nuh   Surah Number : 71   Ayat Number: 4
Topic : Story of Nuh

قَالَ رَبِّ اِنِّىۡ دَعَوۡتُ قَوۡمِىۡ لَيۡلاً وَّنَهَارًاۙ‏ ﴿۵﴾

He (9) (Nuh) said: "O my Lord, certainly I have called my people night and day (10)"

9. Hazrat Nuh (On whom be peace) made this dua longer after he had preached the Message of Allah Almighty, and when he had become despondent about their guidance. He had been preaching for nine hundred and fifty years.

10. By day and night is meant preaching all the time. This means O my Lord! I had preached to them all the time in every form, but these unfortunate wretches have reacted contrary to Your Message, in that their infidelity continued to gain greater strength, It should be remembered that their increase in infidelity was not due to any fault of Hazrat Nuh's propagation, but it was due to their unsound mental faculty e.g. sometime food increases the illness of the patient not because of the fault of the food, but because his stomach is unable to digest it or the bat becomes blinded by the sun for which the sun cannot be blamed.

Surah Name : Nuh   Surah Number : 71   Ayat Number: 5
Topic : Story of Nuh

فَلَمۡ يَزِدۡهُمۡ دُعَآءِىۡۤ اِلَّا فِرَارًا‏ ﴿۶﴾

"But the more I call them the more they run away (11)"

11. From this dua emerge a few issues:

1. At the time of making the dua, Allah Almighty should be remembered with His Attributes of Mercy.

2. Use the medium of your good deeds.

3. If it is to be used adversely against someone, then lodge a complaint against him and give a reason to justify the curse.

4. To remain aloof from the company of the pious is a sign of deprivation i.c. depriving yourself from their blessings.

5. Obduracy on sin is an act of wretchedness.

6. To regard the Prophets and Saints as non- benefactors, and to oppose them with arrogance is the way of the infidels. Such people are always deprived of the blessings and mercy of Allah Almighty. When any beggar knocks on the door of a person, he always regards himself as poor and the owner of the house as rich. Observe, Allah Almighty says here: "And persisted and waxed great pride."

Surah Name : Nuh   Surah Number : 71   Ayat Number: 6
Topic : Story of Nuh

 وَاِنِّىۡ كُلَّمَا دَعَوۡتُهُمۡ لِتَغۡفِرَ لَهُمۡ جَعَلُوۡۤا اَصَابِعَهُمۡ فِىۡۤ اٰذَانِهِمۡ وَاسۡتَغۡشَوۡا ثِيَابَهُمۡ وَاَصَرُّوۡا وَاسۡتَكۡبَرُوۡا اسۡتِكۡبَارًا‌ۚ‏ ﴿۷﴾

" And whenever I called them that You may forgive (12) them, they put their fingers in their ears (13), covered themselves with their garments (14), and persisted and became arrogant (15)"

12. This means my calling them to the Path of Truth was not of any benefit to me, but only to benefit them.

13. So that my preaching would not reach their ears. Such is the nature of their reprobation.

14. So that they would not be able to see me, i.e. they are disgusted to even look at my face.

It is true that the bat is afraid of the sun.

15. This means that they had regarded accepting faith as an insult to themselves. This tells us that to show arrogance in opposition to the Prophet keeps a person bereft of faith. May Allah Almighty protect us from this. Their companionship is a place of great honour.

Surah Name : Nuh   Surah Number : 71   Ayat Number: 7
Topic : Story of Nuh

ثُمَّ اِنِّىۡ دَعَوۡتُهُمۡ جِهَارًاۙ‏ ﴿۸﴾

"Then I called them openly 16."

16. From this we learn that propagation should be carried out privately and publicly. Thus, it is permissible to deliver a lecture on a loudspeaker, as this is equivalent to public prop-agation. To take out the procession (Juloos) of a pious person e.g. a Prophet or a Saint, too, is permissible as this also is a form of public propagation.

Surah Name : Nuh   Surah Number : 71   Ayat Number: 8
Topic : Story of Nuh

 ثُمَّ اِنِّىۡۤ اَعۡلَـنۡتُ لَهُمۡ وَاَسۡرَرۡتُ لَهُمۡ اِسۡرَارًاۙ‏ ﴿۹﴾

"And then I preached to them in public and spoke to them in secret (17)

17. I preached to each one separately. I did not leave any stone unturned in my propagation.

Surah Name : Nuh   Surah Number : 71   Ayat Number: 9
Topic : Story of Nuh

فَقُلۡتُ اسۡتَغۡفِرُوۡا رَبَّكُمۡؕ اِنَّهٗ كَانَ غَفَّارًاۙ‏ ﴿۱۰﴾

I said: "Ask forgiveness (18) of your Lord. Verily He is Most Forgiving."

After accepting the faith, because without accepting faith the recitation of Istighfaar of no benefit

Surah Name : Nuh   Surah Number : 71   Ayat Number: 10
Topic : Story of Nuh

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