Quran Quote  : 

وَالشَّمۡسِ وَضُحٰٮهَا‏ ﴿۱﴾

1. (I swear) by the sun and its brightness (1).

1. In this Surah there are seven oaths mentioned. Firstly, the oath of the sun and its light; because the sun maintains the order of the world like the age of the animals, agricultural; fields, the gardens, the grain and the ripening of the fruit are connected to it. It is for this reason. that the sun has been mentioned first. To the Sufi sages the Holy Prophet is the sun, while Shariah and Tareeqat are the lights emanating from him. It should be remembered that the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم has been called a sun for several reasons. One the entire world benefits from the sun at all times, during the day the benefit is direct while during the night the benefit is indirect through the moon and the stars. Likewise, the bounty and blessings of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم have always remained in the world and will always remain. Before his advent it was received through the previous Prophets and after his worldly demise it will continue to be received through the pious scholars and the Saints. The Holy Prophet is the sun while the other Prophets are stars and the scholars of the Ummah are the particles.

Secondly, the moon and the stars, generator, electricity, etc. can provide light during the d night but they cannot remove the night, whereas the sun removes the night, to bring about the day. Likewise, the night of infidelity from the heart is removed through the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم No matter how many thousands of pious deeds the infidels may perform, they cannot become believers.

Thirdly, in spite of being a million miles away from the earth the sun dries the impure earth to make it pure. Similarly, the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم is purifying our impure hearts from a distance of thousands of miles. And he purifies them." says the Holy Qur'aan.

Fourthly, the sun melts and flows the ice and dew of the entire night. Likewise, the blessed Gaze of the Holy Prophet And by the moon when it follows of uproots from far the ice of sin and negligence from our hearts It is the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه واله وسلم who had the idols thrown out of the Holy Ka'bah and it is him who we cleanses the Ka'bah of the heart of all its idols.

Fifthly, after the sun has risen the negligence of every person is removed, everybody is safe or from the harm of the robbers. In any heart in ts which there is the light of the Holy Prophet there is no room for any me negligence or the fear of the devil.

Sixthly, every king or a commoner, wealthy or the poor needs the sun. Likewise, every Prophet, saint, the pious and the sinner, is in a nerd of the Holy Prophet.

Seventhly, while the stars receive their light from the sun, the sun has directly received the slight from Allah Almighty Similarly, everyone obtains bounties from the Holy Prophet while the Holy Prophet has received everything from Allah Almighty.

Eighthly, although the basic light of the sun is one yet it enables different colours to be reflected from different stars. Likewise, the resplendent light of the sparkling Holy Prophet different hues of this light in the hearts of the Qadiris Chishtis, Soharwardis, Naqshbandis, etc. It should be remembered that there irefulgence of the Holy Prophet is of two types: the outer and thinner The same of the outer or apparent refulgence is to Sharial, which help to rectify and purify our bodies. The inner refulgence and manifestation is called Tareeqat, which safeguards our hearts.1. (I swear) by the sun and its brightness (1).

Surah Name : Ash-Shams   Surah Number : 91   Ayat Number: 1
Topic : Sun Brightness

وَالۡقَمَرِ اِذَا تَلٰٮهَا‏ ﴿۲﴾ 

2. And by the moon when it follows (2) (the sun).

2. When the sun sets, the moon comes out, like on the night of the fourteenth night. Or, after the sun has risen, the moon should rise; and after it sets should rise again; like on the first of the month. This rise and fall of the is telling us about the rise and decline of man and nations. Or, by sun is and meant the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم by moon is meant Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq. because after the Prophets he is the most superior being; like the moon is after the sun. In addition, he is the successor of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم without separation.

In addition, he is the successor of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم without separation and after his demise would be buried next to the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم to show the excellence of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq and to prove his Caliphate without separation. Or, by 'sun' means the Holy Prophet, by 'moon' means the pious saints and the scholars of the Ummah of the Holy Prophet who will continue until the Day of Judgement to convey the light which has encompassed the Holy Prophet. 'Or, by sun’ is meant the human soul and by 'grace' is meant his heart on which the light of the soul falls, which helps to inculcate faith, mystical knowledge, etc. in the heart; i.e. I take an oath on the heart of the believer when it is linked with the soul and not following the dictates of the baser self (Nafs e Ammarah) and Shaitaan. The heart is like the ground; sometimes it is controlled by the soul and sometimes the baser self.

Surah Name : Ash-Shams   Surah Number : 91   Ayat Number: 2
Topic : Moon

وَالنَّهَارِ اِذَا جَلّٰٮهَا‏ ﴿۳﴾

3. And by the day when it displays its (sun's) brightness (3).

3. It means it should make the sun visible, in that after looking at the light of true dawn, people should understand that sunrise is close, and after seeing sunshine should understand that the sun has risen. In external existence the sun is the cause of the day. Thus, you cannot raise this objection that the day shines because of the sun, nor does the sun shine because of the day..

Surah Name : Ash-Shams   Surah Number : 91   Ayat Number: 3
Topic : Day

وَالَّيۡلِ اِذَا يَغۡشٰٮهَا‏ ﴿۴﴾

4.And by the night when it is covered (4) (in darkness).

It should be remembered that days and nights cause termination of one's age. It is they that bring about revolution in the world. They are the means to understand death and resurrection. It is through them that one understands that man would experience good health, sickness, prosperity and adversity from time to time. For this reason Allah Almighty has taken an oath on the day and night. The Sufi sages say that time which is spent in the remembrance of Allah Almighty is day, while that which is spent in negligence is night. On the saints of Allah Almighty, the time of expansion is day and the time of seizure is night. But, an oath is taken of that day which connects the sun.The worship of the infidels and the deities is not connected with the day, while the worship of the believer is the day. There is a difference between the Holy Prophet's صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم.generosity and worship That good deed which is performed through the medium of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم is an act of worship for which there is reward. Without this, it is mere habit, for which there is no reward.

Surah Name : Ash-Shams   Surah Number : 91   Ayat Number: 4
Topic : Sun

وَالسَّمَآءِ وَمَا بَنٰٮهَا‏ ﴿۵﴾

5. And by the sky (5) and Him Who made it.

5. Since the sky has encompassed the earth, and since all the bounties on the earth in the form of rain, sunlight, etc. come from the sky, it is therefore the reflection of Divine Power and blessings. For this reason an oath is taken on it. Or, by sky is meant the Prophethood of the Holy Prophet entire creation from eternity to eternity, and since all the bounties and blessings of Allah Almighty reach His servants through the medium of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم and since every creation, at all times, is dependent the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم on it is, thus, being called the , sky (Tafseer Azizi)

Surah Name : Ash-Shams   Surah Number : 91   Ayat Number: 5
Topic : Allah

وَالۡاَرۡضِ وَمَا طَحٰٮهَا‏ ﴿۶﴾ 

6.And by the earth and Him Who spread it. (6)

6. The earth is the reflection of the powers of Allah Almighty, therefore an oath is taken on it, because man, animals, vegetation, etc. are visible manifestations of it, while mines, gemstones and sand fountains of oil etc. emerge from within it. Also, in outer form, all forms of the earth are equal, but its hidden effects are different. In addition, the earth is also the fundamental dwelling place of the Prophets and Saints. On the basis of this, it is superior to the sky. Furthermore, it is providing harvest for thousands of years with out rejecting to produce. It is full of humility and modesty; therefore, gardens and crops, Fire is arrogant; therefore it is deprived of these. Also, from one rainfall it reflects many effects. In some places it forms rivers; at other places it sprouts vegetation, etc. The Sufi sages say that the hearts of the believers are like the earth, which are continuously deriving bounties and blessings from the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم In them are found all the above-mentioned attributes of the earth.

Surah Name : Ash-Shams   Surah Number : 91   Ayat Number: 6
Topic : Earth

 وَنَفۡسٍ وَّمَا سَوَّاٮهَا‏ ﴿۷﴾

7. And by the soul and Him Who perfected (7) it.

7. By 'soul' is either meant the soul of Hazrat Adam (On whom be peace) or the soul of the entire mankind. Man is the noblest in creation; therefore an oath is taken on him. In Arabic, the word 'soul' is used for person, soul, heart, life, blood, breath, etc. Here, either heart is denoted, or life or personality. Because the human form is better than all the other forms, hence an oath is taken on it. Or, the human soul which initially is bereft of excellence, but which is worthy of countless virtues. Or, the human heart, which is like a blank page, whatever type of writer finds it; he makes an impression on it. Or, it can be the baser self of man, or the conscious self or the contented self. - Thus, an oath is taken on these things. It should be remembered that whatever meanings can be given to the soul, the same will be given to the word "perfected it".

Surah Name : Ash-Shams   Surah Number : 91   Ayat Number: 7
Topic : Allah

فَاَلۡهَمَهَا فُجُوۡرَهَا وَتَقۡوٰٮهَا‏ ﴿۸﴾

8. Then inspired (the human soul) with all the wickedness and piety (8).

8. It means He informed the noble Prophets in a natural way about piety and evil. Therefore, these noble persons are innocent, prior to their Prophethood. Or, He made every person aware of piety through the medium the Prophets, so that they can do pious deeds and abstain from all sinful activities. Or, that He persuaded some hearts to do evil and some towards piety, so that they could act according to their power.

Surah Name : Ash-Shams   Surah Number : 91   Ayat Number: 8
Topic : Bad Deeds

قَدۡ اَفۡلَحَ مَنۡ زَكّٰٮهَا‏ ﴿۹﴾

9.Certainly he prospers who purifies (9) it (the soul).

9. The word 'to purify' in Arabic grammatical terminology is from "Baabe Tafeel"', which means excessively purified, and had always been engaged in purification. There are numerous defects of the soul, but all of them are of three types: defective beliefs, defective actions and negligence. Purify the soul of all these defects and keep it them. The defective beliefs can be purified pure from through correct beliefs, defective actions can be straightened through repentance and pious deeds and the correction of negligence can be achieved through the remembrance of your sins, visiting the graves and being in the company of the pious. It should be remembered that in other religions to obtain the purity of the soul, they are taught to cut off links with the material world, i.e. by becoming a hermit, on which everyone is not able to act. However, those who do accept this secluded life, are trapped in the life of sin, instead of purifying their souls. Not using the power provided by nature is in fact, defying nature. Thus, the education provided by Islam is a superior quality.).

Surah Name : Ash-Shams   Surah Number : 91   Ayat Number: 9
Topic : Soul Purification

 وَقَدۡ خَابَ مَنۡ دَسّٰٮهَاؕ‏ ﴿۱۰﴾

10. And he is miserable who corrupts (10) it (soul).

10. In matters of infidelity and sin, the devil first frees the person from Mustahab (desirable) acts, then the Sunnat acts, then the Wajib (obligatory) acts, then Fard (compulsory) acts and then correct beliefs. Stop the thief at the door. Do not allow your enemy to cross the border. Punish the child when he steals a few cents. It should be remembered that man makes an effort to purify his baser self and he succeeds in this through the bounty of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم. Allah Almighty is the Creator of purification. Or, at times this purification is achieved through one's own efforts, or sometimes through the favourable and bountiful gaze of the pious and sometimes purely through the bounty of Allah Almighty For this reason the process of purification in this verse is linked to man. In other verses it is linked to the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم And he purifies them"; and sometimes it is linked to Allah Almighty: "Nay, it is Allah Who purifies whomsoever He pleases" (S4: V49). These three connections are with regard to three - things. Thus, there is neither any objection to the verses, nor any inconsistency.

Surah Name : Ash-Shams   Surah Number : 91   Ayat Number: 10
Topic : Soul

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