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Surah Ash-Shams English Translation,Transliteration Tafsir [1-10]

About the surah ash-shams

Ash-Shams (Arabic: الشمس, "The Sun") is the 91st surah of the Qur'an, containing 15 ayat or verses.

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The summary/theme of the surah ash-shams

The surah begins with solemn oaths sworn on various astronomical phenomena, the first of which, "by the sun", gives the surah its name, then on the human soul itself.

Lessons learned from this surah ash-shams

1. The one who has purified his/her soul has succeeded.  

2. The one who has polluted his/her soul is truly a loser.  

3. The people of Thamūd defied the command of the Prophet openly, and were punished severely.  

4. Allāh does not fear the consequence of His actions, because He has no need to.


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بِسۡمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ


وَٱلشَّمۡسِ وَضُحَىٰهَا
Transliteration:( Wash shamsi wa duhaa haa )

1. (I swear) by the sun and its brightness (1).
Topic Discussed: Sun Brightness   | Brightness   | Sun(Word)   | Swear(Word)   |

وَٱلۡقَمَرِ إِذَا تَلَىٰهَا
Transliteration:( Wal qamari izaa talaa haa )

2. And by the moon when it follows (2) (the sun).
Topic Discussed: Moon   | Moon(Word)   |

وَٱلنَّهَارِ إِذَا جَلَّىٰهَا
Transliteration:( Wannahaari izaa jallaa haa )

3. And by the day when it displays its (sun's) brightness (3).
Topic Discussed: Day   | Sun   | Brightness   | Day(Word)   |

وَٱلَّيۡلِ إِذَا يَغۡشَىٰهَا
Transliteration:( Wallaili izaa yaghshaa haa )

4.And by the night when it is covered (4) (in darkness).
Topic Discussed: Night   | Sun   | Night(Word)   |

وَٱلسَّمَآءِ وَمَا بَنَىٰهَا
Transliteration:( Wassamaaa'i wa maa banaahaa )

5. And by the sky (5) and Him Who made it.
Topic Discussed: Allah   | Sky(Direct Word)   |

وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَمَا طَحَىٰهَا
Transliteration:( Wal ardi wa maa tahaahaa )

6.And by the earth and Him Who spread it. (6)
Topic Discussed: Earth(Direct Word)   |

وَنَفۡسٖ وَمَا سَوَّىٰهَا
Transliteration:( Wa nafsinw wa maa sawwaahaa )

7. And by the soul and Him Who perfected (7) it.
Topic Discussed: Soul   | Soul(Word)   |

فَأَلۡهَمَهَا فُجُورَهَا وَتَقۡوَىٰهَا
Transliteration:( Fa-alhamahaa fujoorahaa wa taqwaahaa )

8. Then inspired (the human soul) with all the wickedness and piety (8).
Topic Discussed: Bad Deeds   | Wickedness(Word)   | Human(Word)   | Soul(Word)   |

قَدۡ أَفۡلَحَ مَن زَكَّىٰهَا
Transliteration:( Qad aflaha man zakkaahaa )

9.Certainly he prospers who purifies (9) it (the soul).
Topic Discussed: Soul Purification   |

وَقَدۡ خَابَ مَن دَسَّىٰهَا
Transliteration:( Wa qad khaaba man dassaahaa )

10. And he is miserable who corrupts (10) it (soul).
Topic Discussed: Soul   | Miserable   |

Surah Ash-Shams English Translation and Transliteration

In Surah Ash-Shams you can read the translation of Ahmad Raza Khan who was a renowned scholar of the Islamic world and his translation book is known as Kanzul Imaan. You can read the transliteration of Surah Ash-Shams which will help you to understand how to read the Arabic text. Apart from that, we have included a Word-By-Word English Translation of the Arabic text of Surah Ash-Shams.

Surah Ash-Shams English Tafsir/Tafseer (Commentry)

In Surah Ash-Shams we have included two Tafseer (Commentary) in English. The first one is from Mufti Ahmad Yaar Khan who was a well-known scholar. In this tafsir, we have also included the most popular Tafsir Ibn-Kathir which is the most comprehensive tafsir available in the world. You can read both or any one of your choice.

Frequently Asked Questions

There are 15 verses / Ayat in Surah Ash-Shams

Surah Ash-Shams was revealed in Makkah

Surah Ash-Shams can be found in Juz or Para 30

There are 1/2 Ruku in Surah Ash-Shams

Surah number of Surah Ash-Shams is 91

The meaning of Surah Ash-Shams is The Sun

You can find English Translation, Transliteration and Tafseer/Tafsir of Surah Ash-Shams here at quran4ever.com. Here two tafseer are currently.One is Tafsir Ibn-Kathir and another one is Tafsir-e-Naeemi.

Dear bothers and sisters as a Sunni Muslim we cannot say any Translation and Tafseer was as long it conforms with the 4 school of thoughts. But here at quran4ever.com, we have included Tafsir Ibn-Kathir which is most comprehensive tafsir. Apart from that we have also included tafsir of Mufti Ahmad Yaar khan, Tafsir-e-Naeemi of Surah Ash-Shams.

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