Quran Quote  : 

وَالتِّيۡنِ وَالزَّيۡتُوۡنِ‏ ﴿۱﴾

1. (I swear) by the fig and the olive(1)

1. The reason for taking an oath on fig and olive is because both outer and inner qualities are stored in them. Thus, the fig is a food as well as fruit and an excellent medicine. It does not contain any excrement or waste material. The smoke from it's wood kills mosquitoes and insects. The lifespan of an olive tree is three thousand years. It is found in dry mountains and is not dependent on anyone for its growth and water. It is a wild plant. Its oil provides very clear light. It is also eaten in place of curry. Also, Hazrat Adam and Bibi Hawa(May Allah be pleased with them) had come into the world from Paradise covered in the leaves of this tree and fed the earthly buck with them. As a result of which the buck got it's beauty and musk (Tafseer Roohul Mu'ani). The first time Allah Almighty spoke to Hazrat Musa (On whom be peace) was perhaps through the fig tree: Says Allah Almighty: "Out of the tree, O Moosa, I am Allah, the Lord of the entire world (S28:V30). The fig is the tree under which Hazrat Isa (On whom be peace) was born.

From this we learn that any tree which is linked with beloved servants of Allah Almighty is worthy of respect because Allah Almighty has taken an oath on it. Some devotees respect even the jungles that belong to the pious, the basis for which is this verse. Allah Almighty had told this to Hazrat Musa (On whom be peace): "Verily I am your Lord, then take off your shoes. Undoubtedly, you are in the sacred = valley of Tuwa"(S20:V12) i.e. "O Musa take off your shoes, for you are in a blessed jungle." The true devotees say that by fig is meant the pure words of the Holy Prophet which are sweet, beneficial and eternally useful, while by olive is meant the blessed thoughts of the Holy Prophet , صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم which are eternally profitable. Or, by fig is meant Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique who is an embodiment of mercy, while , olive denotes Hazrat Umar Farooq whose e Caliphate was extremely beneficial to Islam. Or. by fig is meant Shariah (Islamic Law) and olive would denote Tareeqat (the mystical way of life).

Surah Name : At-Tin   Surah Number : 95   Ayat Number: 1
Topic : Olive

 وَطُوۡرِ سِيۡنِيۡنَ‏ ﴿۲﴾

2.And by Mount Sinai 2.

2. TUR is a mountain and SINAI a lush green jungle. Mount Sinai is the name of the mountain on which Hazrat Musa (On whom be peace) spoke to Allah Almighty. This mountain and jungle are both linked to Hazrat Musa therefore their loftiness and sacredness is being expressed here. It should be remembered that Hazrat Musa (On whom be peace) was a seeker while the Tauraat was the object of desire. For this reason he went to Mount Sinai to bring this Book. On the other hand, the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم. is the object of desire and the Holy Quran is the seeker. Therefore, the Holy Quran came to the Holy Prophet When the Holy Prophet . صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم was in Makkah then those verses revealed in it became known as Makkan. When the Holy Prophet(Peace be upon him) became Madinite, the verses revealed there too became Madinite.

Every street and alley of Makkah and Madina is Mount Sinai. The true devotees say that the blessed chest of the Holy Prophet the treasure house of bounties like Mount Sinai wherein every moment there is refulgence of Allah Almighty. It is this very blessed chest which is the treasury of truth and mystical knowledge. Or, it refers to Hazrat Uthman e Ghani who, too, is Mount Sinai because he is the compiler of the Holy Quran. Through his efforts and medium people had heard the Quran.

His hand is the Hand of Allah Almighty because at Hudaibiyya the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم had declared his blessed hand as Uthman's hand, for the hand of Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم has the declared the Holy Quran as Hand of Allah.

Surah Name : At-Tin   Surah Number : 95   Ayat Number: 2
Topic : Mount Sinai

 وَهٰذَا الۡبَلَدِ الۡاَمِيۡنِ‏ ﴿۳﴾

3.And by the secure city (3) (Makkah).

3. Of the sacred city of Makkah because things like figs etc. were not found in Makkah. Holy Makkah was in front, there the pronoun "this" is not used but it is used here.

Holy Makkah was in front, there the pronoun "this" is not used but it is used here. In common cities needs of specific areas become fulfilled. Currency and people of all countries are found here. Therefore it is a large city. By "AMIEN" is meant peaceful or safe, as here not only human beings but also hunting animals, wild plants and trees are safe. Or, it could mean full of trust because here the Holy Prophet lived in it in the capacity of trust for some time, thereafter he went to establish the city of Madina. By calling it security there is a hint towards it that due to Makkah the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم become worthy of taking oath on it. Also, besides the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم other sacred places like the Holy Ka'bah, Arafaat, Mina, etc. are all found in it.

It should I be remembered that in the Holy City of Makkah the Holy Prophet spoke to Allah Almighty by receiving the Holy Quran, was blessed with Me'raj, in the same way as Hazrat Musa spoke to Allah Almighty at Mount Sinai. For this reason Makkah is mentioned after Mount Sinai. According to the ,way of life of the Sufi sages the city of peace and security is the blessed and pure heart of the Holy Prophet which draws devotees to the vision of the beloved where everybody's needs are being fulfilled, where every type of bounties of Allah Almighty are obtained provided the person brings the currency of devotion and love. Or, by it is meant Hazrat Alli Murtaza who is the gate to the city of knowledge through whom the saints will receive the wares of sainthood until the Day of Judgement. It should be remembered that a thing is manufactured in the factories of nature but they are obtained from the market places.

Surah Name : At-Tin   Surah Number : 95   Ayat Number: 3
Topic : Makkah

لَقَدۡ خَلَقۡنَا الۡاِنۡسَانَ فِىۡۤ اَحۡسَنِ تَقۡوِيۡمٍ‏ ﴿۴﴾

4. Undoubtedly (4), We have created man in the best nature (5).

4. The polytheists regard human beings as the lowest in the entire creation, hence they worship stones, seas, moon, sun, etc. Monotheists were of the opinion that the jinns and angels are superior to human beings because jinns are greater in strength and the angels in the worship of Allah Almighty. It is for this reason that Allah Almighty has stressed the superiority of human beings through six ways: four oaths and through the letter LAAM and use of undoubtedly. If the human can understand his own status he will neither indulge in the worship of idols nor in committing sins, because the possessor of lofty being should also do deeds which are lofty. The Prophets of Allah Almighty came for the purpose of acquainting the human being of his true status. This is the very meaning of: "He who has understood himself has understood his Lord." The meaning of the word TAQWEEM is physical appearance as well as stature and both meanings are correct. Allah Almighty has created the human being with His own Hand of power.

That is why it is called BASHAR (human being) i.e. a being created through the Hand of Allah Almighty. The word MUBASHIRAT (copulation) is made from growth. Also, before creating him He declared about his greatness and vicegerency by - preparing the angels for his prostration. Then He granted him a unique appearance or form: a straight stature and a beautiful face so much so that even the jinns and angels adore him. In fact, even the Beloved of Allah the Holy Prophet too was created in human form. He was provided with hands to eat so that he does not have to bow before it but bow before Allah Almighty alone. He provided him every limb in the correct proportion i.e. neither is his nose as long as the trunk of the elephant nor concealed like that of birds, etc. He provided him with such a body through which he could perform standing in Salaah (QIYAAM), bowing (RUKU), prostration (SAJDAH), sitting between prostrations (QA'DAH) and all other forms of worship. This is not found in the other creation.

For this reason when Hazrat Jibrael (On whom be peace) would come present to Salaah to the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم he would appear in human form because it was not possible to perform Salaah in the form of Jibraeel. When a human being sits he becomes Muhammad: the head becomes MEEM, the shoulder the letter HA, the waist the letter MEEM and the knees the letter DAL. If the word TAQWEEM were to mean physical stature then it would mean that Allah Almighty has created the human being with appropriate limbs because his limbs perform those deeds which are not performed by the limbs of animals. Through his eyes he can see and make signs and weeps to seek forgiveness for his sins. He can use the tongue to taste, to speak; his heart is the abode of the beloved.

In it are four places of anger, haste, suspicion and thinking on which the intellect rules. The ministers of the intellect are the soul and the heart. For the guidance of the intellect He has provided the light of Shariah. The beloveds of Allah Almighty say that Allah Almighty has created an assembly of man from the good and the evil. Just like you will find in a home a toilet as well as a bedroom, similarly among human beings you will find the likes of the Pharaoh and Hazrat Musa (On whom be peace). This is the finest or fairest stature of the assembly of man. Just as the toilet is not like the bedroom, although both are constructed from bricks and lime, likewise the non-Prophets are not like the Prophets, although their limbs may be the same.

Surah Name : At-Tin   Surah Number : 95   Ayat Number: 4
Topic : Men Creation

ثُمَّ رَدَدۡنٰهُ اَسۡفَلَ سَافِلِيۡنَ‏ ﴿۵﴾

5.Then We left Him to go to the lowest of the low (6).

6. It means, since the human being did appreciate the above-mentioned bounties and adopted infidelity and evil deeds, We made him worse than animals, and lower than any insects and filth, by declaring his abode to be Hell. For this reason there was a place for the animals in the ark of Hazrat Nuh (On whom be peace) but not for the infidels. It could also mean that in old age man has been reduced lower than children and demented persons by snatching his beauty, intelligence and strength which were once provided to him. This tells us that these things do not belong to us but to Allah Almighty. From "but those" we learn that the true believer is spared from the nervousness and ludicrity of old age.

Surah Name : At-Tin   Surah Number : 95   Ayat Number: 5
Topic : Men Creation

 اِلَّا الَّذِيۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا وَعَمِلُوۡا الصّٰلِحٰتِ فَلَهُمۡ اَجۡرٌ غَيۡرُ مَمۡنُوۡنٍ‏ ﴿۶﴾

6. Except those who believe and do righteous deeds 7, for them there is endless reward 8.

7. From this emerge a few issues:

1. That faith precedes deeds. With faith no good is correct.

2. Good deeds should be performed at all times, do not let it suffice by doing it once.

3. Perform all types of good deeds, do not leave any by regarding it to be trivial, because Allah Almighty has made faith to precede deed and declared the verb "did" in the Past Continuous Tense. Pious deeds are presented in the plural. It should be remembered that the minor children of the believers would benefit from the pious deeds of their parents. Similarly, sinners like us would be forgiven through the medium of some pious persons.

This verse is not against the concept of ESAALE SAWAAB- i.e. conveying the rewards of your good deeds to the departed souls. The conveyed deed is by law the deed for him whom it is conveyed to.

8. It means eternal, in that the pious servants receive so many rewards in their old age, sickness, travelling like those he had been doing in his youth, good health and dwelling. And after his death his angels appointed for writing his deeds engage in worship at his grave until the Day of Judgement which would continue to accrue to the inmate of the grave (Tafseer Azizi, Roohul Mu'ani).

Surah Name : At-Tin   Surah Number : 95   Ayat Number: 6
Topic : Good Deeds

 فَمَا يُكَذِّبُكَ بَعۡدُ بِالدِّيۡنِ‏ ﴿۷﴾

7. What then now causes you to deny the judgement (9)?

Surah Name : At-Tin   Surah Number : 95   Ayat Number: 7
Topic : Allah Punishment

اَلَيۡسَ اللّٰهُ بِاَحۡكَمِ الۡحٰكِمِيۡنَ‏ ﴿۸﴾

8. Is not Allah the Greatest of all rulers 10?

10. He most certainly is.

From it emerge two issues:

1. Allah Almighty has appointed some of His pious servants as rulers. The king of the country is outwardly a ruler while Prophets and Saints are rulers inwardly. Our Beloved Prophet Is the ruler of both the physical and celestial worlds as is being understood from the plural form of rulers.

2. Besides Allah Almighty none is Greatest of all rulers, because the Greatest Ruler is He whose rule should be from eternity and remain till eternity, whose kingdom should be over the entire creation, from whose sovereignty none can escape even after his death, in whose dominion no unjust decisions and rulings can ever take place, from whose rule no one can ever escape. These attributes are not found in any dominion besides that of Allah Almighty. is the Our Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم highest reflection of the sovereignty of Allah of Almighty. For greater details refer to the book: e SULTANAT E MUSTAPHA.

Surah Name : At-Tin   Surah Number : 95   Ayat Number: 8
Topic : Allah

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