Quran Quote  : 

اَلَمۡ نَشۡرَحۡ لَـكَ صَدۡرَكَۙ‏ ﴿۱﴾

1. Have We expanded your bosom(1) for you?

Reason for its Revelation

The Holy Prophet had asked Allah Almighty: "O Lord, You have bestowed the robe of honour upon Hazrat Adam (On whom be peace) and granted the Tauraat to Hazrat Musa (On whom be peace). But what have you granted me?" In response to this question, the above Surah was revealed (Tafseer Roohul Bayaan).

1. By "extended your breast" it means either the chest is to be slit, or is to be opened or to be broadened. In the first meaning is denoted then it should be remembered the Holy Prophet's blessed chest had been opened three to four times and his blessed heart had been purified: Firstly, at the place of his foster mother, Bibi Halima so that there would be no inclination in the heart for play and games; then at the beginning of his youth so that during this period he would not be affected by negligence of youth; then just before. granting of Prophethood so that the heart would be able to bear the burden of Prophethood and then on the Night of Me'raaj so as to endure the sights of the angelic world and absorb the Vision of Allah Almighty. This is outward Christiansopening of the chest.

If it is meant to open, then it should be remembered that the heart has two doors: one is towards the heart, the other is towards the soul. The first is broad, the second is narrow. What is said by Allah Almighty is We have opened the door of your heart, which is towards the soul so that now, no mischief of the baser-self or Shaitaan can ever come in it. Thus, the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم - is completely innocent. If it is to denote the third meaning then it would mean. We have broadened the blessed heart of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم to such an extent that it has ! room to store all knowledge of the Unseen, Divine Mysteries and Mystical knowledge of Allah Almighty. The link with the world does not make him negligent and forgetful about Allah Almighty and the link with his Creator does not make him negligent of the world.

You would be able to take care of the entire universe closely. Even today millions of salutations, Daroods and deeds of the followers are being presented to him every moment. Everyone is blessed with a reply, intercessions are continuously taking place, etc. The noble Sufis say that the chest of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم is an open door of Divine treasures.

Whoever would receive anything would be receiving from the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم and whoever would reach Allah Almighty would be reaching only through the medium of the Holy Prophet. This is the function of the door. Or, that his blessed chest is an open mirror without any covers which are reflecting the knower of the Unseen and testimonies. In this verse there is a hint towards the above. Or, here extend means victory. From it, emerge a to few issues:

That the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم.

1. is innocent as is understood from the first explanation of the word "to extend".

2. That the Holy Prophet has been given knowledge of the unseen is not understood from the commentary of "to extend" as provided by the noble Sufis.

3.This opening of the heart is a great bounty from Allah Almighty, for this reason Hazrat Musa (On whom be peace) had prayed for it: "O Lord! Open my heart for me" (S20:V25).

4. The Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم is the Beloved of the of Allah Almighty that without asking Allah Almighty provided him with this bounty. Hearts of others are purified of good deeds or through the company of the pious, Allah Almighty purifies the heart of the Holy Prophets directly. Just as when the reflection of the sun falls on a clear mirror it performs the function of the sun, similarly when Allah Almighty purified the blessed heart of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم and placed in it His Divine Effulgence. Or In Divine bounties and favours began to emerge from him. The mirror is not the sun but performs the function of the sun Likewise. The Holy Prophet is not Allah Almighty but performs the works of Allah Almighty.

Surah Name : Ash-Sharh   Surah Number : 94   Ayat Number: 1
Topic : Did Allah not open cleansed your heart

وَوَضَعۡنَا عَنۡكَ وِزۡرَكَۙ‏ ﴿۲﴾

2. And removed your burden from you.

Surah Name : Ash-Sharh   Surah Number : 94   Ayat Number: 2
Topic : Burden

 الَّذِىۡۤ اَنۡقَضَ ظَهۡرَكَۙ‏ ﴿۳﴾

3. Which had broken (2) your back.

2. The Holy Prophet would feel hurt at seeing the degeneration of the infidels of Makkah. But Allah Almighty had promised him that from these very Arabs He would, through the medium of His Beloved Prophet, produce such pearls of such splendour through whom the world would be brightened until the Day of Judgement. Or, that the desecration of the Holy Ka'bah would cause great pain to the Holy Allah Almighty ، Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم informed him that through his medium Allah. The Almighty will soon transform the Holy Ka'bah from the house of idols into the House of Allah. The transformation of the degenerate Arabs and the Holy Ka'bah are the means of revealing your great status.

The brilliance of the sun is appreciated through darkness. Or seeing the evil deeds of the followers until the Day of Judgement, his pure heart was feeling the grief. Allah Almighty comforted him by bestowing upon him intercession. This tells us that the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم is fully aware of the conditions of his followers. Otherwise, this would not have grieved him. Because during that period every Noble Companion was pious.The great Sufis say that by "burden" is meant of Prophethood, of intercession, of propagation. the distribution of Divine bounties, the burden of responsibilities of the propagation and elucidation of the Holy QURAN, which was heavy on the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم And by removing this burden is meant that Allah Almighty had provided him with such devoted and faithful Companions who had eased his burden in carrying out all these duties. Thus, this verse is the Na'at of the Holy Prophet and the Manqabat of the Noble Companions.

It should be remembered that responsibilities are a burden for the people of faith and for the faithless and traitors it is a provision for pleasure. On closer review of this burden Hazrat Musa (On whom be peace) had said: "O Lord! Open my heart for me"(S20:V25). Hazrat Sulaiman (On whom be peace) had said: "O My Lord! Forgive me and bestow upon me a kingdom which may not suit anyone else"(S38 V35). Hazrat Yusuf (On whom be peace) during the period of famine would eat only a few morsels of food. Hazrat Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) during his period of caliphate had given up eating food cooked with butter. Thus, the expression of burden by the Holy Prophet is the reflection of his trustworthiness and not his insult. Or, it could mean that the Holy Prophet had feared that after him Islam and the Holy Qur'aan would perish. To allay this fear Allah Almighty had promised him that until the Day of Judgement there would be saints and scholars from his followers who would be the protectors of the Religion. Due to this, his fears had been removed. This tells us that the Holy Prophet's Noble Companions and the religious scholars assist him so much in his work.

It is for this reason Allah Almighty took the work of compilation of the Holy QURAN, the Hadith and formulation of different branches of religious knowledge from these pious sages. Or, it could mean, that the responsibilities of Prophethood had caused the inner hardship Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم .

Allah Almighty removed this burden by granting him inner contentment, courage, boldness, fortitude, spaciousness of the heart, etc. It should be remembered that the inner contentment is of three types: God-given (WAHBI), self-acquired (KASBI), and granted On (ATAAI). The God-given contentment is given to the Prophets and some special saints directly by Allah Almighty. It is obtained through some incantations (Zikr) good deeds and through fear of Allah Almighty: "Behold! In the remembrance of Allah alone there is the satisfaction of hearts'' (S13:V28). The grant of contentment and boldness is obtained through the company. Eleven-year-old boys had killed the mighty Abu Jahl.

The magicians of the Pharaoh told him with utter disdain: "Do whatever you have to do"(S20:V72). This was obtained through the blessed company of the Holy Prophet. The contentment of the heart proves beneficial at the time of death, in the grave and the Day of resurrection. This is a great bounty from Allah Almighty. May we all be recipients of it.

Surah Name : Ash-Sharh   Surah Number : 94   Ayat Number: 3
Topic : Burden

 وَرَفَعۡنَا لَـكَ ذِكۡرَكَؕ‏ ﴿۴﴾

4. And We have exalted high your remembrance (3)

3. This is done through several ways:

1. From the noble Prophets, by making them declare faith in the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) and by taking covenant from them of their service for him.

2. Everyone's remembrance is restricted to the earth but your remembrance has been made on the earth, on the Divine Throne, in the heavens.

3. Join your name with My name in the Kalimah, in the Azaan, in Salaah, in the Khutbah. Every place the other Prophets have been called by their names but you have been addressed with excellent titles.

4. I declared your remembrance the appendix of My Remembrance i.e, omitting your remembrance from the remembrance of Allah Almighty will not be beneficial.

5. I have made your remembrance a continuous thing in all places for all times. Every market is closed at some time or the other, but your market will never close.

It should be remembered that "We have raised" is in the Past Tense from which we learn that the remembrance of the Holy Prophet is raised and elevated from eternity. Then, since it has been raised by Allah Almighty none can stop it, just as no one can extinguish the light of the moon and the sun as Ailah Almighty has illuminated them, likewise your remembrance too cannot be lowered by anyone. Also, others gain greatness through wealth and kingdom, etc. but you have been granted loftiness directly from Allah Almighty." It should be remembered that we experience three different stages in our lives:

1. Period prior to coming into the world.

2. The period of coming and staying in the world.

3. Period after departure from the world. We become totally non-entity in the first and third periods but in the second stage we earn some name. But the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم is renowned in all three periods. And why should he not be? Because he is the Model of! Personality of Allah Almighty. A model can never be concealed. Thus, "We have elevated" is not restricted to time but is for all times.

Surah Name : Ash-Sharh   Surah Number : 94   Ayat Number: 4
Topic : We raised your status

فَاِنَّ مَعَ الۡعُسۡرِ يُسۡرًاۙ‏ ﴿۵﴾

5. Surely with hardship there is ease(4)

4. This verse is either the Na'at in praise of Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم i.e O Beloved! Those hardships, which you are experiencing, shortage of provisions and abundance in responsibilities will find ease in the near future. It should be remembered that to place hardships in the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم was also to reveal his lofty status so that all the opposition could be defeated, the sun of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم shine brightly at which a spontaneous utterance emanates on the tongue: "O Beloved Mustapha, millions of salutations at your lofty dignity." Or to comfort and to reassure the Ummah in the future so that they do not become grieved at any hardship by making the blessed incidents of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم a light for their path. Or, that in this verse there is a discussion of the law of nature.

In it two laws have been stated:

1. In the world you will always experience poverty and hardships.

2. With every hardship there is ease, and with every poverty there will be easy circumstances. In such a case this verse will mean either actual companionship i.c. in every hardship there is be ease; in intense heat there is curative measure for thousands of illnesses, and is beneficial for harvest; unseasonal rain is a treatment for many illnesses and a means of cooling the grain of make them edible. Or, it is a cure for flu, O common cold and mental illnesses.

It is a protection against diarrhoea and fever. In every injection of the physician there is a cure. In bitter medicine there is wisdom. Allah Almighty is indeed the greatest of judges. Or, by "with" is meant metaphorical companionship i.e. after every hardship there is ease, like it is said that after Friday is Saturday. This law is in force on every creation found between the heavens and the earth.

After darkness there is light; after severe heat there is cold; after winter there is spring. Similarly, if Allah Almighty wills, after loss there is profit, after sickness there is cure. After defeat there is victory, after weeping there is laughter, after worship there is acceptance. After repentance there is forgiveness, after separation there is union, after love there is beloved. Thus, turn to Allah Almighty with hope, because hope is an excellent form of worship. It should be remembered that hardship is like that cauldron or furnace, which purifies impure iron, and transforms pure iron into valuable pieces, and smelted gold into gold all jewellery, preparing it for the union with the beloved. In a like manner. hardship purifies a person from the impurity of sin, increases the status of the pious and strengthens the closeness of the beloved.

Surah Name : Ash-Sharh   Surah Number : 94   Ayat Number: 5
Topic : There is ease with hardship

اِنَّ مَعَ الۡعُسۡرِ يُسۡرًاؕ‏ ﴿۶﴾

6.Undoubtedly after hardship there is ease (5)

5. In this verse the repetition is either for the purpose of emphasis, or it is used to hint HARDSHIP is used as common noun so that one should know that after one hardship there is double ease, either in the world, or one in the world and the other at the time of death, or in the grave or at the time of resurrection, because Allah Almighty will grant ease for the patient believers at these places. Remember, when a common noun is used then the other common noun preceding it becomes unrelated e.g. one person comes to me and another person says: This will mean the person who comes is different to the person who says, i.e. the two are not one and the same person.

Surah Name : Ash-Sharh   Surah Number : 94   Ayat Number: 6
Topic : Ease

فَاِذَا فَرَغۡتَ فَانصَبۡۙ‏ ﴿۷﴾

7. So when you are free after prayer, then strive hard in invocation(6)

6. Because the dua offered after Salaah is more acceptable, especially after Tahajjud Salaah. Or, it p could mean that when you are free after propagation, then try to do other work because it is prohibited to remain idle.

Surah Name : Ash-Sharh   Surah Number : 94   Ayat Number: 7
Topic : Strive in Good Cause

وَاِلٰى رَبِّكَ فَارۡغَب‏ ﴿۸﴾

8. And attend to your Lord alone (7).

7. In that the hand should be in service and the heart should be fixed towards the Beloved. Or, do not even desire Paradise in compensation for your worship. Remain only to seek the pleasure of your Lord. Or, do not put your heart in the material things of the world because it is transitory. Remain attached to your Lord Who is eternal. If the ship is at sea there is salvation but if the sea gets into the ship there is destruction. Let the heart be in the world, but do not allow the world to get into the heart. The heart is the residence of the beloved. It should be remembered that there are two specific signs of claiming love for Allah Almighty:

1. To have love for those beloved to Him as well as things beloved to Him.

2. Not to be displeased with Him under any condition.

Surah Name : Ash-Sharh   Surah Number : 94   Ayat Number: 8
Topic : Return to Allah

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