Quran Quote  :  Never did Allah take unto Himself any son, nor is there any god other than He. -

تَبَّتۡ يَدَاۤ اَبِىۡ لَهَبٍ وَّتَبَّؕ‏ ﴿۱﴾

1. The hands of Abu Lahab (2) (the father of flame) have perished, and he too has perished (3).

Reason for its Revelation:

When the blessed verse "And O Beloved! Warn your nearest kinsmen"(S26:V214) was revealed, the Holy Prophet | went upon the Hill of Safa and called all his kinsmen to gather there and preached to them about the Oneness of Allah and Prophethood. On hearing it, Abu Lahab became infuriated and said: "May you perish! Did you assemble us here for this purpose? In reply to this wretch, this blessed Surah was revealed.


From it, emerge a few issues:

1. The Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم had replied to the slanderers of Allah Almighty and those who slandered the Holy Prophet .Allah Almighty replied to them. Replying to the enemies of Allah Almighty is the blessed practice of the Holy while replying to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم enemies of the Holy Prophet is the practice of Allah Almighty.

2. The type of prattle, which the infidels made with the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم Allah Almighty replied to them in the same manner. From it, one learns that the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم is the greatest Beloved of Allah Almighty.

3. The Holy Qur'aan has described the punishment of all the sinners in which the severest punishment is for the one who slanders the dignity of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم Regarding these wretches, the Holy Qur'aan has sometimes said "Zaneem" (despised) while at other places has used the word "Abtar"(cut off from every good). Sometimes the Qur'aan has used: "Perished be the two hands", other times it describes this as: "Allah will not grant them forgiveness"(S63: V6). Such severe punishment has not been mentioned for any transgressor. Likewise, the types of bounties that have been granted for showing dignity for the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم have never been granted for any act of worship. Consult the book "Sultanate Mustapha" for further discussion.

Surah Name : Al-Masad   Surah Number : 111   Ayat Number: 1
Topic : Abu Lahab

مَاۤ اَغۡنٰى عَنۡهُ مَالُهٗ وَمَا كَسَبَؕ‏ ﴿۲﴾

2. His wealth and what he earned did not profit him (4)

4. If persons of great nobility, dignity and of genealogy and people of wealth have become disgraced and dishonoured because of their opposition and enmity of the Holy Prophet then what about those of lesser rank?

1. Abu Lahab's name was Abdul Uzza and was the son of Abdul Muttalib born from Bani bint Hajirah. He was the step-uncle of the Holy Prophet because Abdullah was from Faatimah bint Amro bin Aid, who was the second wife of Hazrat Abdul Muttalib. His filial appellation was Abu Lahab because he was very handsome and wealthy. The Holy Prophet's daughters, Ruqayyah and Umme Kulthum, were given in marriage to his sons. Utbah and Utaibah. After the revelation of this Surah, Abu Lahab had them divorced from his sons. Utbah was torn apart by a lion after smelling his face (Tafseer Azizi, Madarijun Nabuwah). By perishing of his two hands means the destruction of himself.

2. Although Abu Lahab's destruction took place a week after the Battle of Badr. By sickness of the black grain known in Arabic as Adsa. The people of Arabia would regard it as ( an infectious disease and would thereby safeguard themselves from it. For this reason the dead body of this reprobate remained untouched. Due to the bursting of the stomach, terrible odour emanated from it. As a result of it, the dead body was thrown away by hiring manual labourers (Tafseer Baidawi). But since this destruction was a certainty, it is mentioned in the past. It should be remembered that 'perish' is a word of curse and 'perished' is its confirmation. Thus, it is not repetitive. In Allah Almighty's words, a curse is used for the expression of wrath.

3. Reason for its Revelation: After listening to the two previous verses of this Surah, Abu Lahab said that in the words of Muhammad صلى الله عليه وآله وسلمif punishment were to come to me, I will give my wealth and children in compensation for my life. At that point in time, this verse was revealed. By "his wealth" means wealth that he had inherited By and by "that which he earned" is meant the wealth that he had earned with his own effort. as Or, by "what he earned" refers to the status and by dignity he had earned.

In other words, the wealthy, the dignity and the children were unable to save Abu Lahab from the punishment of Allah Almighty, just as Qarun's wealth was unable to save him from Divine punishment.

Surah Name : Al-Masad   Surah Number : 111   Ayat Number: 2
Topic : Wealth of no use

 سَيَصۡلٰى نَارًا ذَاتَ لَهَبٍۚ ۖ‏ ﴿۳﴾

3. Soon shall he enter into a blazing fire (5).

5. It means Abu Lahab, after death, will receive punishment of fire in the grave and after the Day of Judgement in Hell. From this we learn that Abu Lahab being an inmate of Hell is a certainty. But this does not necessarily mean that his faith becomes impossible by inference or intellect, so that he does not become duty-bound for faith, because infidelity is not a must for a person to be an inmate of Hell. Many sinful believers would be punished in Hell. Thus, there is no objection to be raised against the verse because, here, abridged faith is insufficient (Tafseer Roohul Bayaan).

Surah Name : Al-Masad   Surah Number : 111   Ayat Number: 3
Topic : Abu Lahab

وَّامۡرَاَتُهٗؕ حَمَّالَةَ الۡحَطَبِ‌ۚ‏ ﴿۴﴾

4. And his wife (6) too, the carrier of firewood (7).

6. Umm Jameela bint Harb ibn Umayyah, i.e. the sister of Abu Sufyaan. Her name was Auraar and her appellation was Umm Jameela. She, too, will be sent into Hell because she is an obdurate enemy of the Holy Prophet. She would carry a bundle of thorns from the jungle on her head and place them in the path of the Holy Prophet ، صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم the Messenger of Allah so that they could prick his sensitive feet and cause pain and hardship.

From this we understand that the marriages of the polytheists among themselves are in order if they are not performed in accordance with Islamic laws. This can be seen from the fact that Allah Almighty had called Umm Jameela the wife of Abu Lahab. Thus, the children of the infidels are legitimate and would be entitled to inheritance.

7. It means Umm Jameela's enmity is so severe that in spite of being wealthy, she goes to the jungle herself and from there she makes a bundle of branches of thorny trees and carries it on her head, which she then places in the path . of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم.She does not enlist the help of her maids and servants for this work. It tells us that this, too, was a worldly punishment for this wicked lady, because any head on which there is the enmity of the Holy Prophet there will be thorns in this world and thorns in the Hereafter.

Surah Name : Al-Masad   Surah Number : 111   Ayat Number: 4
Topic : Abu Lahab Wife

فِىۡ جِيۡدِهَا حَبۡلٌ مِّنۡ مَّسَدٍ‏ ﴿۵﴾

5. Around her neck will be twisted Fire(8)

8. It means Umm Jameela, too, would die in the following manner: the rope of the bundle of thorns would fall in her neck, which would throttle her to death, i.e. she would hang herself. This is exactly what took place. Once, on a very hot day, while she was carrying this bundle she sat on a stone to rest. By the order of Allah Almighty an angel pulled her bundle. down, as a result of which the bundle fell backwards and caused strangulation and her death in a disgraceful manner on the spot. This tells us that the enemy of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم will not find peace in the world, nor in the grave and neither in the Hereafter.

Surah Name : Al-Masad   Surah Number : 111   Ayat Number: 5
Topic : Abu Lahab Wife

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