Quran Quote  : 

بِسْمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحْمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ ١

In the Name( 2) of Allah, the Most Affectionate, The Merciful

1. The revelation of SURAH AL-FATEHA is connected with both Makkah and Madinah And the "Opening chapter” consists of seven Verses twenty seven words and hundred and forty letters

2. The Bismillah which precedes each Surah or Chapter is a complete Verse, while that which appears within Surah An-Nahl (The Bee) is just part of the Verse. It should be remembered that Bismillah was not revealed with each Surah, but at one place only. It is added with each Surah to separate one from the other.

It is for this purpose that Bismillah is boldly written above each Surah and not joined with the rest of the Verses. The Imam in Salaah recites Bismillah silently, even in those Prayers, in which Qira't (recitation of the Qur'aan )is read aloud .When hazrat jibraeel, brought down the First Revelation Surah Al-Alaq first 5 verses Bismillah was not part of it. In Taraweeh Prayer it is important for the Hafizul Qur'aan leading the Salaah to recite Bismillah aloud once, before beginning any Surah. From this it can be deduced that to commence all good deeds with Bismillah is a blessed act.

The letter, which Prophet Sulaiman. Wrote to Bilqees - the Queen of Yemen began with Bismillah from the blessing of which Allah granted him Yemen and its queen. Our Holy Prophet عليه وآله وسلم صلى الله commenced the writing of the Treaty of Al Hudaibiyah with Bismillah as a result of which he was granted victory of Makkah. However, when slaughtering an animal, one should only recite Bismillahi Allahu Akbar not the full Bismillah because one is not allowed to read words of mercy at the time of any seemingly cruel act. It is for this reason that the merciful صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم .name of the Holy Prophet not recited here.

Surah Name : Al-Fatihah   Surah Number : 1   Ayat Number: 1
Topic :

اَلۡحَمۡدُ لِلّٰهِ رَبِّ الۡعٰلَمِيۡنَۙ‏ ﴿۲﴾

[All] praise is [due] to Allah, Lord of the worlds

4. If the article "Al" in the word Al-Hamdu is considered to be a Comprehensive Article, the meaning of word will be as provided by the illustrious translator Ala Hazrat (May Allah's mercy be upon him) i.e. directly or indirectly all praise belongs to Allah alone, because the praise of the creation is, in reality, praise of the Creator. But if this article is regarded as just a definite article, then its meaning would signify that only praise which is made in accordance with the teachings of the Holy Prophet.

5. From this one learns that although Almighty Allah is the Creator and Master of everything. He should only be referred in connection with His elevated creation e.g. Lord of Muhammad and not Lord of Abu Jahl.

Surah Name : Al-Fatihah   Surah Number : 1   Ayat Number: 2
Topic : In the name of Allah, the Merciful, the Compassionate

الرَّحۡمٰنِ الرَّحِيۡمِۙ‏ ﴿۳﴾ 

3. The Most Affectionate, the Merciful.

Surah Name : Al-Fatihah   Surah Number : 1   Ayat Number: 3
Topic : Allah Most Merciful

مٰلِكِ يَوۡمِ الدِّيۡنِؕ‏ ﴿۳﴾

4. Master of the Day of Requital.

Surah Name : Al-Fatihah   Surah Number : 1   Ayat Number: 4
Topic : The Master of the Day of Recompense

اِيَّاكَ نَعۡبُدُ وَاِيَّاكَ نَسۡتَعِيۡنُؕ‏ ﴿۵﴾

5. We worship (6) You alone, and beg You alone for help (7).

6. The word "We worship" collectively suggests that Fard Salaah should be performed, in congregation, for if one person's prayer in the congregation is accepted, everybody's Fard Salaah, too, will be accepted.

7. From this it can be understood that the actual or the absolute Help comes from or is provided by Allah, just as absolute praise - direct or indirect is due to Allah. But it should be remembered, that just as all forms of worship are for Allah alone, absolute the actual help, too, is sought from Allah. However, worldly or outward assistance can be sought from His Pious Servants. It is for this purpose that "we worship" and "we seek help" are expressed as separate entities. It should also be borne in mind that there is a distinct difference between 'worship' and 'help'. Outward or worldly help can be sought from those other than Allah. The Almighty Allah Himself says in the Qur'aan "Without doubt Allah and His Prophets are your helpers (S5 V55). In another verse Allah says: "And help eact one another in righteousness and piety (55 V2)”. But none can be worshipped besides Allah, neither directly or indirectly or in any way if the true meaning of worship would be to accept someone as a creator then worship and obey him like a creator.

To give this status to anyone besides Allah is an act of Shirk - polytheism. But if seeking help from others was an act of Shirk like worship then Allah would have expressed as a single entity meaning: You alone do we worship and ask for help. Furthermore, it should also be remembered that it is for this reason that in times of one's material or religious needs, seeking of assistance from the sources or means provided by Allah is in reality, seeking from Allah's help.

Thus for the ill person to seek the help of a doctor, for the oppressed people to lodge their complaint to the governing authority or for the sinner t صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم entreat the Holy Prophet certainly not against this verse. As by praising a human being for doing a meritorious deed are we really interfering with the Divine verse "All praise is due to Allah alone"? It should also be remembered that the pious servants of Allah do give assistance after their demise also. On the Night of Me'raj did Musa Alaihe Salaam not help to reduce the 50 prayers to just 5? To this day non-believers enter the fold of Islam by reciting the Kalimah through the blessed name of the Holy Prophet. Thus, in the light of the above discussion seeking the help of the pious servants after their demise is in no way going against this verse.

Surah Name : Al-Fatihah   Surah Number : 1   Ayat Number: 5
Topic : You alone do we worship, and You alone do we turn for help

اِهۡدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الۡمُسۡتَقِيۡمَۙ‏ ﴿۶﴾

6. Guide us on the Straight Path (8)

8. From this verse emerge three important points:

i. From all the Bounties of Allah, the most revered bounty is being steadfast on the Straight Path as this is sought and supplicated in every Rak'at of Salaah.

ii. This Path is identified with the Path tread upon by the Saints and other Pious Sages of Allah, for those are the ones upon whom Allah has bestowed His Favours. Allah instructs us "Be with those who are pious" (S 9: V 119) This Path can only be obtained by following the path of Ahle Sunnat, all saints of Allah of the past and present who are from Jamat(Group).

iii. True Guidance cannot be achieved by one's effort alone, as it is bestowed upon a person by the Grace of Allah. Therefore, following the path of those who are misguided and gone astray, helps only to invite the wrath of Allah. One should at no time associate with such persons nor imitate them in any way or accept any of their customs and traditions.

Surah Name : Al-Fatihah   Surah Number : 1   Ayat Number: 6
Topic : Guide us to the straight path

صِرَاطَ الَّذِيۡنَ اَنۡعَمۡتَ عَلَيۡهِمۡ  غَيۡرِ الۡمَغۡضُوۡبِ عَلَيۡهِمۡ وَلَا الضَّآلِّيۡنَ ﴿۸﴾

7. The path of those whom You have favoured. Not those who have earned Your anger (9) and nor of those who have gone astray.

9. Those who earned the anger refers to the Yahud (Jews) while 'Those who are gone astray' refers to the Nasara (Christians).

Two points emerge from this:
i. The Jews are non-believers on account of their hatred for the Prophets, while the Christians are non- believes on account of their love for Prophet Isa (Jesus) which exceeds the limits of mortality. Yet, Almighty Allah has listed the Yahud amongst "Those who earned the anger of Allah," while the Nasara are in the category of "Those who are gone astray'.
ii. It is important of the believers to keep away from all types of beliefs, deeds, characteristics and friendship of the Yahud and Nasara and other types of non-believers. We should not Imitate them in any way or follow any of their customs and traditions because all these acts will lead to the path of Kufr (disbelief).


a. It is not permissible to recite Bismillah when commencing any unlawful act as this leads to defaming Allah's name.
b. At the time of slaughtering an animal do not recite the full Bismillah but read just Bismillah Allahu Akbar for as explained in No.2.
c. To recite Hamd or Praise of Allah in the Jummah Khutbah is Wajib but rewardable to recite in the Marriage Khutbah in dua or when doing any good. However, it is Sunnat Muakkidah to recite thanks and Praise of Allah after eating and drinking.
d. It is not permissible for a Muqtadee (one who follows the Imam in Salaah) to recite Surah Fateha or Qira't because the Qira't of the Imam is the Qira't of the Muqtadee (Hadith) as well. In terms of Allah's command it is Fard for the Muqtadee to remain silent and listen to the Imam's recitation For further details of this issue refer to Jaa- al-haq vol.2.
e. When the Imam has recited Surah Fateha the Muqtadees should recite Ameen silently because Ameen itself is dua. This is in accordance with the verse of the Qur'aan "Make dua in the court of Allah softly and with humility" (S7: V55)
The above is according to Hanafi. According to Shafa'ee Bismillah is part of every Surah and the Imam should recite it loudly in every Salaah. The Muqtadee should recite Surah Al Fateha behind the Imaam softly and recite Ameen loudly.

Surah Name : Al-Fatihah   Surah Number : 1   Ayat Number: 7
Topic : Ask for guidance

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