Quran Quote  :  Allah's severe chastisement awaits those who stray away from Allah's Path, for they had forgotten the Day of Reckoning. - 38:26

وَالضُّحٰىۙ‏ ﴿۱﴾

1. (I swear) by the brightness of the forenoon.

The reason for revelation of this Surah is that once the process of revelation had stopped for a few days. At this, some evil-minded infidels said that Allah Almighty has abandoned Hazrat Muhammad and has disliked him. In reply to these infidels, the following Surah revealed (Tafseer Khazainul Irfaan, Roohul Mu'ani, etc). In Surah Al-Lail taunting remarks from Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique were removed, and in this Surah they are removed from the Holy Prophet In short, that was Siddiqui Surah and this is Muhammadi Surah (Tafseer Azizi).

Surah Name : Ad-Dhuha   Surah Number : 93   Ayat Number: 1
Topic : Day

 وَالَّيۡلِ اِذَا سَجٰىۙ‏ ﴿۲﴾

2. and by the night when it is dark (1)

1. Either by CHAASHT (mid-morning) is meant mid-morning in general, and by "the night when it covers" is meant the last portion of the night because during these times Chaasht and Tahajjud Salaah are offered. Furthermore, the first preaching of Hazrat Musa (On whom be peace), victory over the magicians, liberation of the Israelites from the clutches of the Pharaoh, the Holy Prophet's صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم prophethood, took place at Chaasht time. Allah Almighty spoke to Hazrat Musa (On whom be peace) at Mt. Tur, and the Me'raaj of the Holy Prophet at night. For this reason an oath is taken at these two times. Or, by Chaasht it meant the bright and charming countenance of the Holy Prophet which sparkled the hearts of people and by night, it meant his blessed jet-black, sweet smelling hair, through whose blessings the faults of the sinful believers would be covered. Or, Chaasht denotes the external incidents and events of the which are, Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم visible to everyone like the bright sun, and by night is meant the concealed mystical events of about the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم which only Allah Almighty is aware. Or. Chaasht denotes the period of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم when the sun of prophethood was shining brightly, and by night is meant the period after the Holy Prophetصلى الله عليه وآله وسلم. The nights of the period of Khulafa e Rashideen were starry nights after which there were bleak nights in which the torches of the saints and the Islamic scholars were providing light. Or, by Chaasht is meant the period of the rise of Islam to the pinnacle of glory and night denotes the period of the decline of the Muslims, which will be closer to the Day of Judgement.

Surah Name : Ad-Dhuha   Surah Number : 93   Ayat Number: 2
Topic : Night

مَا وَدَّعَكَ رَبُّكَ وَمَا قَلٰىؕ‏ ﴿۳﴾

3. Your Lord has not forsaken (2) you, nor is displeased with you(4).

2. It means that during the previous period the link of Divine Mercy was always with you because the verb "not forsaken you" is in the past indefinite tense.

From this, emerge two Issues:

That is the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم is a Prophet prior to his advent in the world although Prophethood became manifest to the world at the age of forty.

2. That the Holy Prophet possesses Divine powers because he is connected at all times to Allah Almighty, like a machine is connected to the electric power. Just as electric current runs in the machine, in the like manner Divine knowledge and power is running through. the Holy Prophet Many Quranic verses and Ahadith testify this. Sufi sages say that the Holy Prophet to Allah Almighty in such a manner like the light of the lamp is linked with the powerhouse. Wherever the light of the lamp falls, the colour of the chimney will be there. Hence, he who is connected to the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم is linked to Allah Almighty, and he who disconnects himself from the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم is disconnected with Allah Almighty.

3. It means Allah Almighty never became displeased with him. This tells us that at no time did the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم do anything, which had displeased Allah Almighty. The errors of the Prophets are the bounties of Allah Almighty. The reprimand of the Lord on them is out of love and not anger.

Surah Name : Ad-Dhuha   Surah Number : 93   Ayat Number: 3
Topic : Your lord has not forsaken you neither he is displease with you

 وَلَـلۡاٰخِرَةُ خَيۡرٌ لَّكَ مِنَ الۡاُوۡلٰىؕ‏ ﴿۴﴾

4. And the Hereafter is better 4 for you than the preceding one.

4. The life in the BARZAKH (life after the world and resurrection) is better for the Holy Prophet than the worldly life because in it the Holy Prophet at all times enjoys union with Allah Almighty and communication (Me'raaj) with his Creator. This helps to prove the issue of HAYATUN NABI i.e. the issue of the eternal life of the Messenger of Allah The soul the Holy Prophetصلى الله عليه وآله وسلم وسلم Barzakh and the most sacred place is the pure body and the blessed tomb of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم which is more sacred than even the Great Throne and Paradise itself. Or, that his life Hereafter, which will commence after the Day of Judgement is more superior than his worldly life because his worldly life is revealed through what is said, while that life would be revealed through stately circumstances which none will be able to refute. The greatness of Hazrat Yusuf (On whom be peace) came to be appreciated in Egypt, but the greatness of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم form will be revealed on the Day of Judgement. There he will be granted the lofty station, the major intercession, his testimony in favour of all the Prophets, the Fountain of Kauthar, the permission for intercession, etc. Or, every latter moment is superior to the former moments because at every moment his status would be made loftier and his moon would remain on the highest elevation. This blessed verse could also mean that through his intercession and means the hereafter of the people will be better than their worldly life. One who cuts his links with the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلمwould be disgraced in the Hereafter.

Surah Name : Ad-Dhuha   Surah Number : 93   Ayat Number: 4
Topic : What will come will be better for you

 وَلَسَوۡفَ يُعۡطِيۡكَ رَبُّكَ فَتَرۡضٰىؕ‏ ﴿۵﴾

5. And soon your Lord shall give so much that you (O beloved Prophet) shall be well pleased (5)

5. It means Allah Almighty will grant him such abundance in this world that he will make the Holy Prophet very happy. Thus, Allah Almighty grants him countless miracles in the world so much so that he is the very embodiment of miracles. He spread his religion from East to West i.e. to the four corners of the world. He granted him a huge progeny and the biggest Ummah (followers). Provided him with every kind of knowledge of the past and the future, He raised and elevated his remembrance, He made the recognition Holy Prophet's صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم in the grave as the criterion for the person's success in the test of the grave, until the Day of Judgement. Angels, human beings and jinns would be extending salutation to him at his Sacred Tomb. Granted him bounties like general intercession of the sinful believers in the Hereafter, the Lofty Station, medium of forgiveness, the Fountain of Kauthar, etc. At the revelation of this verse the Holy Prophet said: "By Allah! I will not be pleased and be happy until such time that the last follower of mine is not out of Hell." It should be remembered that here not only the granting of Prophethood, revelation, being . beloved of Allah Almighty are denoted as these are already received before the revelation of Surah Al-Dhuha, and not just the Fountain of Kauthar and the abundance of good, the abundant world, because these have already been granted.

Says Allah almighty: "O Beloved! Undoubtedly. We have bestowed upon you an abundance of good" (S107:V1), but it denotes bounties and favours besides these which are beyond our conjecture and imagination. From this verse emerge a few Issues:

1. All the Prophets seek the love of Allah Almighty, and the desire to please Him, but our Beloved Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم is the object of pleasure of Allah Almighty as He seeks to please him. For this reason many laws of Islam had been revealed for the purpose of pleasing the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم e.g. the changing of the Qibla, freeing the prisoners of war by receiving ransom from them, etc.

2. The parents of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم are inmates of Paradise because no person can ever be pleased to see their parents in Hell and Allah Almighty will do everything to please His Beloved Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم.(Tafseer Roohul Bayaan) Thus, Allah Almighty will never send them into Hell, in order to cause grief to His Beloved.

3. Allah Almighty will most certainly grant Paradise to the beloved devotees of the Holy as in it lies his Prophet of pleasure and approval.

Surah Name : Ad-Dhuha   Surah Number : 93   Ayat Number: 5
Topic : Prophet Mohammad

اَلَمۡ يَجِدۡكَ يَتِيۡمًا فَاٰوٰى‏ ﴿۶﴾

6.Did He not find you O Muhammad an orphan, so he gave you shelter (6)

6. When the blessed pregnancy was two months his beloved father Hazrat Abdullah died in Madina Shareef. He never left behind any wealth nor home or any property for him.

His grandfather Hazrat Abdul Muttalib and his mother Bibi Amina took care of him. When he was four or six years old his mother Bibi Amina died at a place called Abwa. At the age of eight his grandfather Hazrat Abdul Muttalib too passed away after requesting his son Abu Talib, the beloved uncle of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم.to take care of his nephew .Hazrat Abu Talib rendered exemplary service in the Holy Prophet's upbringing.

This blessed verse means that it is We who placed in the hearts of Abdul Muttalib and Abu Talib love for you through which they took care of you with such love. This caring in reality was from Us. It could also mean that when We found you as a matchless pearl, totally unparalleled and unique .We granted you a place in Our special proximity and took care of you in the midst of your enemies. Then We bestowed upon you Prophethood and granted you Our closeness (Khazainul Irfaan, Khazain, Tafseer Azizi. etc).

Surah Name : Ad-Dhuha   Surah Number : 93   Ayat Number: 6
Topic : Prophet Mohammad

وَوَجَدَكَ ضَآلاًّ فَهَدٰى‏ ﴿۷﴾

7. He found you deeply immersed (7) in His love, so He guided you.

7. In Arabic there are five meanings for the DWAAL: 1. An infidel and one who is gone astray e.g.

"Not of those who have earned Your anger and nor of those who have gone astray"(SI:V7).

2. Unaware, stranger, e.g. (Hazrat Musa said): "I did do it when I was unaware"(S26: V20).

3. Infatuated: The sons said: "By Allah, you are infatuated with the same old love" (S12:V95). Lost in one's own thoughts: "Water is lost in the milk."

5. Symbol of identification, e.g. a tall tree, a high building, which serves as a guidance for a traveller. Here, the first meaning cannot be applied because Allah-Almighty says: "Your companion neither went astray. nor was he misled" (S53:V2). The infidels of Makkah, too, had called the Holy Prophet poet, a magician and mad but none of them called him a person gone astray, or a sinner.

The second meaning too does not fit here, because prior to Prophethood, the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم was not unaware in matters of beliefs nor of good deeds. In the state of I'tikaaf and worship, the first revelation was received; on the way to Me'raaj the Holy Prophet - angels in Salaah at Baitul Muqaddas E. (Jerusalem), although the Imam as a rule should be more learned than the followers.

According to the Islamic scholars the fourth meaning is applicable here ie. the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم was surrounded by the infidels but Allah Almighty kept him firmly on guidance. Or, he is that symbol of guidance, which is fully visible to the entire world to obtain guidance. Thus, the object of guidance is not the Holy Prophet the entire creation. According to the Sufi sages, DWAAL means attraction or absorption while guidance means cordial relation. Cordial relation is superior to absorption. Hazrat Musa's falling unconscious at seeing the resplendent vision of Allah Almighty was linked with absorption. "And Musa fell down unconscious" (S7:V143). But on the night of Me'raaj the Holy Prophet's صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم seeing the Beauteous Vision of Allah Almighty , with his naked eye and smiling is under cordial relation (SULOOK). "The eye deviated not, nor crossed the limit"(S53:V17). It means when Allah Almighty found you down in His love, He granted you the status SULOOK (cordiality).

Surah Name : Ad-Dhuha   Surah Number : 93   Ayat Number: 7
Topic : Prophet Mohammad

وَوَجَدَكَ عَآٮِٕلاً فَاَغۡنٰىؕ‏ ﴿۸﴾

8. And He found you needy so he enriched (8) you

8. It means Allah Almighty did not create you in the aristocratic and wealthy family but in the family of the poor and in the state of poverty so that no-one could say the advent of Islam was from wealth and government of the time.

Thereafter he made you generous through the wealth of Bibi Khadijah, Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique and Hazrat Uthman e Ghani (May Allah be pleased with them) just like the fortunate father becomes wealthy through the wealth of his son, and the king through the wealth of his subjects. Thus, in status the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم is most elevated.

From this we learn that Bibi Khadijah and Hazrat Siddique Akbar are very fortunate and very wealthy, because Allah Almighty had made them wealthy for His Beloved Prophet. These blessed people were truly fortunate in that they had been given the opportunity to render this great service. We further learn that the disciple (mureed) student or son is fortunate whose wealth is spent on his Religious Guide (Peer) his teacher, his father. Or, that He made him rich by making him the owner of all the keys of the treasures of the earth.

Not only that but made him the master of the heavens and the earth. Says Allah Almighty: "O Beloved! Undoubtedly. We have bestowed upon you an abundance of good (S107:V1). Allah Almighty further says: "Allah and His Messenger has enriched them out of His Grace"(S9:V74). The Holy Prophet says: "I have been given the keys of the treasures of the earth".

He further says: "If I so desire mountains of gold will walk with me." In short, no wealthy person like Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم. is ever born or will ever be born.

He who is made wealthy by Allah Almighty, there is no limit to his wealth. Allah Almighty has called all the kings of the world as: "You are poor and needy"(S47:V38). Or, it could mean that Allah Almighty had provided the Holy Prophet with a richness of the heart so that in lofty A vision gold was worthless like a small potsherd.

On whomever the Holy Prophet places his blessed sight he becomes rich "When We found you to be a the family man we made you wealthy so that you would be able to gaze, he makes him wealthy as he is mentioned in Ahadith.

It is stated in the Bukhari Shareef, take care of your family. The word AYAAL is derived from AOL and not from EELAH. The entire creation is the Holy Prophet's AYAAL (family) and is being provided from the court of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم.

It should be remembered that in the community of Prophets four had been very wealthy namely Hazrat Ebrahim, Hazrat Sulaiman, Hazrat Dawood and Hazrat Yusuf (On them be peace) and the rest were poor. Because our Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم is the collective possessor of qualities of all the Prophets, he was poor as his well as wealthy.

O My Beloved, since you yourself had been an orphan, you are fully aware of the pain and dejection suffered by the orphans. It should be remembered that the meaning of QAHR (Anger) means excess, lah unlawful pressure, severity and cruelty.

The first meaning is appropriate. Through this old meaning Allah Almighty is called QAHHAAR or QAHIR. The last meaning is contemptible in lawful pressure and unlawful severity; all other types of excess are included.

To devour the wealth of the orphans unlawfully, to scold and chide the orphans, to beat them up in a cruel walk way, etc. are all forbidden. The infidels of Arabia would overpower the wealth of the orphans and deprive them of it, or like the by Muslims of India deprive the minor children of their legacy from their ancestral property.

The the jurists have stated that if the deceased has left behind minor children then it is totally forbidden to spend from the joint wealth on the Khatam, Fateha, even the Kafan (shroud) of the deceased, the upper sheet and Musalla which are given in charity on behalf of the deceased because in this wealth is the right of the be orphans.

Surah Name : Ad-Dhuha   Surah Number : 93   Ayat Number: 8
Topic : Prophet Mohammad

فَاَمَّا الۡيَتِيۡمَ فَلَا تَقۡهَرۡؕ‏ ﴿۹﴾

9. So do not place any pressure on an orphan (9)

9. It should be remembered that the seeker of wealth goes to the door of the wealthy while the seeker of excellence goes to the door of the person of excellence. The seeker of wealth at the door of the Sheikh, the seeker of medicine goes to the door of the doctor and the seeker of justice goes to the door of the ruler. But, the door of the Holy Prophet الله عليه وآله وسلم is that door where every seeker finds his desires fulfilled because here the seeker is not is confined. All these other doors are shut after the death of these providers but the door of the Holy Prophet will remain open for all seekers at all times, because even on the Day of Judgement everybody would be begging for intercession of the Holy Prophetصلى الله عليه وآله وسلم Here, there is no restriction of time as well. Just as a kind father becomes happy at seeing the doors of his son open to the poor and needy. Allah Almighty too is happy to see that there should be a multitude of beggars at the door of His Beloved.

From the word "seeker" emerge a few issues:

1. It is permissible to seek all types of worldly and religious bounties from the Holy Prophet. O Prophet! Grant me Paradise, children, faith, safety from Hell, etc. because Allah Almighty has declared the world as the seeker from the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم- For this reason the Noble Companions had sought cure, Paradise, children from the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم. Animals too had lodged their complaints and sought his help.

2. That Allah Almighty had filled the treasures of the Holy Prophet وصلى الله عليه وآله وسلم otherwise He would not have sent the seekers there. Says Allah Almighty: "And if they do injustice unto their souls, then O Beloved! They should come to you and then beg for forgiveness of Allah and the Messenger" (S4:V164).

3. It is permissible to seek from the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم from every place Presenting oneself for this purpose in Madina Shareef is not a condition or restriction.

4. That the teacher should scold or chide the students, the Sheikh should not chide the true sincere disciple, the wealthy should not chide the beggar as all these are seekers. Sometimes a pious person appears in the guise of a beggar - who comes to our door to test us.

Surah Name : Ad-Dhuha   Surah Number : 93   Ayat Number: 9
Topic : Orphan

 وَاَمَّا السَّآٮِٕلَ فَلَا تَنۡهَرۡؕ‏ ﴿۱۰﴾

10. And do not scold the needy (10)

10. It should be remembered that Allah Almighty has bestowed three types of bounties upon His Beloved Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم

1. Visible bounties about whose general declaration he is commanded e.g. Prophethood, intercession, etc. because people's faith is dependent on their acceptance.

2. Concealed bounties about which permission is given for its specific revelation, through the recognition of which people obtain the mystical knowledge of Allah Almighty.

3. Exclusive bounty which is the special bounty of Allah Almighty and there is absolutely no permission for its revelation. It is from Divine mysteries. Says Allah Almighty: "Now He revealed to His bondsman whatever He revealed" (S53: V10). In this verse the first two bounties are denoted. Since whatever Allah Almighty has bestowed upon the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم He has bestowed out of His Bounty.

Surah Name : Ad-Dhuha   Surah Number : 93   Ayat Number: 10
Topic : Chide

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