Quran Quote  :  Surely, Allah has power over everything - 29:20

اَرَءَيۡتَ الَّذِىۡ يُكَذِّبُ بِالدِّيۡنِؕ‏ ﴿۱﴾

1. Well, have you seen him who believes the Religion (1)?

1. The first half of Surah Ma'oon is Makkan and was revealed regarding Abu Jahl or Aas bin Waa'il and the second half is Madinite, which was revealed regarding the hypocrites Abdullah bin Salool, etc.

Reason for its Revelation:

Whenever a wealthy person would be on his deathbed in the holy city of Makkah, Abu Jahl, etc. would go to him and say that leave your children and wealth with us so that they can be taken care of in a proper way. The dying person would do exactly that. After his death, these people would take full control of the wealth, but they would throw out the orphaned children of the deceased.

Thus, one such oppressed orphan went to the Holy Prophet to complain about his ill treatment. The Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم went with him to these people and said: "Do you not fear Allah and the Last Day?" These people began to make fun of the Day of Judgement. The Holy Prophet came back dejected. In response to it, the first part of this Surah was revealed.

Surah Name : Al-Maun   Surah Number : 107   Ayat Number: 1
Topic : Reward Day of judgement

فَذٰلِكَ الَّذِىۡ يَدُعُّ الۡيَتِيۡمَۙ‏ ﴿۲﴾

2. That is he who drives away the orphan (2).

2. By "religion" is meant Religion of Islam. Or, the Day of Judgement. By "belies" means belying verbally and practically, i.e. O My Beloved! Ponder over the evil-mindedness of Abu Jahl, etc. that they are belying a pure thing. like the creed of Islam, or an apparent thing like the Day of Judgement; being rejectors of these verbally and in oppressing the orphans to belie it practically. Because infidelity is the worst of all sins, therefore mention is made of it.

Surah Name : Al-Maun   Surah Number : 107   Ayat Number: 2
Topic : Orphan

 وَ لَا يَحُضُّ عَلٰى طَعَامِ الۡمِسۡكِيۡنِؕ‏ ﴿۳﴾

3. And does not urge the feeding of the needy (3)

3. In that he devours the wealth of the orphans and oppresses them. Had he remembered about his own helplessness on the Day of Judgement, then he would not have oppressed the orphans and the helpless.

From this, emerge two issues:

1. Oppressing the orphan is a sign of rejecting the Day of Judgement criminal acts. Hence, this has been mentioned with it.

2. Even the infidels are duty-bound to social affairs. The Islamic head of state will force them to stay away from oppression, robbery, etc. and they would be punished for these the Hereafter as well.

Surah Name : Al-Maun   Surah Number : 107   Ayat Number: 3
Topic : Feed the poor

فَوَيۡلٌ لِّلۡمُصَلِّيۡنَۙ‏ ﴿۴﴾

4. So curse be to those offering Salaah (4).

4. It means neither does he give charity nor allows the people to do so. In fact, he stops them from giving. From this we understand that stopping people from giving charity through pretentious means is the practice of Abu Jahl and the likes of him.

Surah Name : Al-Maun   Surah Number : 107   Ayat Number: 4
Topic : Hypocrites

الَّذِيۡنَ هُمۡ عَنۡ صَلَاتِهِمۡ سَاهُوۡنَۙ‏ ﴿۵﴾

5. Who are neglectful of their Salaah (5).

5. These verses were revealed in Madina Shareef, regarding the hypocrites like Abdullah bin Ubay, etc. who would sometimes perform Salaah with total lack of devotion and love, not out of belief, but in order to show the believers. WAIL is the name of a region in Hell. humility Depravity and woe, too, is called 'WAIL'. Since these hypocrite worshippers were infidels as well as frauds, their punishment is severer than the known and open infidels. By worshippers (Musallee) is meant those worshippers who only pose as worshippers. It should be remembered that those essentials of Salaah, which are performed through our postures, and the correct conditions, are the postures of Salaah.

Fear of Allah Almighty and humility. which are works of our heart and a condition for acceptance, is the very essence of Salaah. Without it, Salaah is of no avail. But this can be obtained through the powerhouse only. May Allah Almighty grant this to us. From this we learn that incorrect Salaah is the means of depravity of this world and the Hereafter. The correct Salaah of the believer rectifies the worshipper. Says Allah Almighty: "Undoubtedly, prayer forbids one from indecency and evil" (S29: V45). there is no inconsistency in the verses.

Surah Name : Al-Maun   Surah Number : 107   Ayat Number: 5
Topic : Hypocrites

الَّذِيۡنَ هُمۡ يُرَآءُوۡنَۙ‏ ﴿۶﴾

6. Those who show 6 it (to others).

6. There are a few ways of forgetting Salaah. Not performing it sometimes, not performing it in congregation without any valid reason; not performing it regularly, not performing it in the mosque without any valid reason; not performing it on its prescribed time, not performing it in its correct manner; not performing it with devotion; not performing it with careful consideration and to perform it lazily and in an indifferent way.

For this reason the jurists say that it is forbidden to perform Salaah by folding the sleeves, placing a handkerchief over the head or shoulder or leaving the shirt buttons open, as this is a sign of laziness and indifference. It should be remembered that Salaah is the worship of Allah Almighty, a pillar of Islam and a means of obtaining reward for its performer. It is linked in three ways; linked to Allah Almighty, to the subservience of Islam and to the person.

Surah Name : Al-Maun   Surah Number : 107   Ayat Number: 6
Topic : Show-Off

 وَيَمۡنَعُوۡنَ الۡمَاعُوۡنَ‏ ﴿۷﴾

7. And refuse to give daily articles of use (7) (to the needy ones).

7. It means the hypocrites do not perform their acts of worship for the sole pleasure of Allah Almighty, but to show the people. That is why they will perform their Salaah in front of people, but not when they are alone. It should be remembered that in ostentation there are two things worth considering: To whom are you showing and the purpose for showing. To do good deeds in order to show the Holy Prophet is not showing off.It os by pleasing the Holy Prophet that good deeds are increasingly accepted.

Says Allah Almighty: "And regard what they spend as approaches to Allah and a means of taking blessings of the Messenger" (S9: V99). It is further stated: "Allah and His Messenger had a greater right, that they should please him" (S9:V62). It is for this reason that the Noble Companions would perform their acts of worship with the intention of pleasing the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم. For further details on this, consult the books 'Shaane Habibur Rahman' and Sultanate Mustapha.

Likewise, for the purpose of education is a form of propagation and not showing off. The Holy Prophet performed Tawaaf on a camel. To perform an action publicly for the purpose of creating a desire in others is inducement and not showing off. To perform a deed openly for the purpose of clearing an accusation is not showing off. Perform the obligatory duties openly, but the general optional acts should be done privately. It is by However, to perform good deeds for show so that people may give him something or begin to respect him is showing off and a concealed polytheism.

There are three types of RIYA (showing off): Showing off in the actual deed like performing Salaah in the presence of the people and not alone; showing off in the attribute of the deed, e.g. reciting melodiously in the presence of the people; but when alone, reciting the same in an ordinary way; showing off in intention, although he performs the Salaah in uniformity under all conditions, but loves its revelation. The instructions and laws of all three are different.

Surah Name : Al-Maun   Surah Number : 107   Ayat Number: 7
Topic : Wo to those who deny people the articles of common necessity.

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