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Surah Al-Mumtahanah English Translation,Transliteration Tafsir [1-10]

About the surah Al-Mumtaḥanah

Al-Mumtaḥanah (Arabic: الممتحنة, translated "She That Is To Be Examined", "Examining Her") is the 60th chapter (sura) of the Quran, a Medinan sura with 13 verses.

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The summary/ theme of the surah Al-Mumtaḥanah: 

Befriend not those who are enemies of Allah and Muslims. The Prophet Ibrahim (PBUH) and his companions are excellent examples for believers. The Surah was revealed after the treaty of Hudeybiyah and before the conquest of Makkah.

Lesson learned from Al-Mumtaḥanah:

  1. Do not befriend the enemies of Allāh.  
  2. Allāh is most aware of what we conceal and what we make apparent.  
  3. If Allāh decides to punish you in the Hereafter due to your deeds, no relations or offspring can benefit you in any way.  
  4. For us in Ibrāhīm عليه السلام is the best example in announcing innocence from the disbelievers and their disbelieving creed.  
  5. Make this du‘ā often: رَبَّنَا عَلَيْكَ تَوَكَّلْنَا وَإِلَيْكَ أَنَبْنَا وَإِلَيْكَ الْمَصِيرُ، رَبَّنَا لَا تَجْعَلْنَا فِتْنَةً لِلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا رَبَّنَا إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْعَزِيز الْحَكِيمُ (٦٠: ٤-٥) 
  6. ‘O our Rabb! In You alone we trust, and to You alone we turn for help, and to You is the final return. Our Rabb! Do not make us persecuted by those who disbelieve, and our Rabb! Forgive us, You, only You, are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.’ (60:4-5)  
  7. Allāh does not prohibit from doing good and justice to those who do not fight the Muslims.  
  8. Allāh only prohibits from befriending those who fight the Muslims on the basis of their religion, and exile them or help others in doing so

 

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بِسۡمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

 

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تَتَّخِذُواْ عَدُوِّي وَعَدُوَّكُمۡ أَوۡلِيَآءَ تُلۡقُونَ إِلَيۡهِم بِٱلۡمَوَدَّةِ وَقَدۡ كَفَرُواْ بِمَا جَآءَكُم مِّنَ ٱلۡحَقِّ يُخۡرِجُونَ ٱلرَّسُولَ وَإِيَّاكُمۡ أَن تُؤۡمِنُواْ بِٱللَّهِ رَبِّكُمۡ إِن كُنتُمۡ خَرَجۡتُمۡ جِهَٰدٗا فِي سَبِيلِي وَٱبۡتِغَآءَ مَرۡضَاتِيۚ تُسِرُّونَ إِلَيۡهِم بِٱلۡمَوَدَّةِ وَأَنَا۠ أَعۡلَمُ بِمَآ أَخۡفَيۡتُمۡ وَمَآ أَعۡلَنتُمۡۚ وَمَن يَفۡعَلۡهُ مِنكُمۡ فَقَدۡ ضَلَّ سَوَآءَ ٱلسَّبِيلِ
Transliteration:( Yaa ayyuhal lazeena aamanoo laa tattakhizoo 'aduwwee wa 'aduwaakum awliyaaa'a tulqoona ilaihim bilmawaddati wa qad kafaroo bima jaaa'akum minal haqq, yukhrijoonar Rasoola wa iyyaakum an tu'minoo billaahi rabbikum in kuntum kharajtum jihaadan fee sabeelee wabtighaaa'a mardaatee; tusirroona ilaihim bilma waddati wa ana a'alamu bimaaa akhfaitum wa maaa a'lantum; wa many yaf'alhu minkum faqad dalla sawaaa'as sabeel )

1.0 believers (1)! Do not take My enemy and your enemy as friends (2), Would you offer them love while they deny what truth has come to you (3); driving out the Messenger and yourselves because you believe in Allah as your Lord (4)? If you go out struggling hard in My Path and seeking My Pleasure(5), take them not as friends. You send them a secret message of love (6), while I know well what you conceal and what you reveal (7). And whoever of you do this, he has indeed gone astray from the Straight Path.(8)

إِن يَثۡقَفُوكُمۡ يَكُونُواْ لَكُمۡ أَعۡدَآءٗ وَيَبۡسُطُوٓاْ إِلَيۡكُمۡ أَيۡدِيَهُمۡ وَأَلۡسِنَتَهُم بِٱلسُّوٓءِ وَوَدُّواْ لَوۡ تَكۡفُرُونَ
Transliteration:( Iny yasqafookum yakoonoo lakum a'daaa'anw wa yabsutooo ilaikum aydiyahum wa alsinatahum bissooo'i wa waddoo law takfuroon )

2. If they get the upper hand on you, they will become your enemies (9), and will stretch out their hands to you and their evil tongues with ardently desire that you become infidels (10).

لَن تَنفَعَكُمۡ أَرۡحَامُكُمۡ وَلَآ أَوۡلَٰدُكُمۡۚ يَوۡمَ ٱلۡقِيَٰمَةِ يَفۡصِلُ بَيۡنَكُمۡۚ وَٱللَّهُ بِمَا تَعۡمَلُونَ بَصِيرٞ
Transliteration:( Lan tanfa'akum arhaamukum wa laaa awlaadukum; yawmal qiyaamati yafsilu bainakum; wallaahu bimaa ta'maloona baseer )

3. Neither your relationship would profit you, nor your children (11), on the Day of Resurrection. He will separate you from them (12). And Allah Sees what you do.

قَدۡ كَانَتۡ لَكُمۡ أُسۡوَةٌ حَسَنَةٞ فِيٓ إِبۡرَٰهِيمَ وَٱلَّذِينَ مَعَهُۥٓ إِذۡ قَالُواْ لِقَوۡمِهِمۡ إِنَّا بُرَءَـٰٓؤُاْ مِنكُمۡ وَمِمَّا تَعۡبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ كَفَرۡنَا بِكُمۡ وَبَدَا بَيۡنَنَا وَبَيۡنَكُمُ ٱلۡعَدَٰوَةُ وَٱلۡبَغۡضَآءُ أَبَدًا حَتَّىٰ تُؤۡمِنُواْ بِٱللَّهِ وَحۡدَهُۥٓ إِلَّا قَوۡلَ إِبۡرَٰهِيمَ لِأَبِيهِ لَأَسۡتَغۡفِرَنَّ لَكَ وَمَآ أَمۡلِكُ لَكَ مِنَ ٱللَّهِ مِن شَيۡءٖۖ رَّبَّنَا عَلَيۡكَ تَوَكَّلۡنَا وَإِلَيۡكَ أَنَبۡنَا وَإِلَيۡكَ ٱلۡمَصِيرُ
Transliteration:( Qad kaanat lakum uswatun hasanatun feee Ibraaheema wallazeena ma'ahoo iz qaaloo liqawmihim innaa bura 'aaa'u minkum wa mimmaa ta'budoona min doonil laahi kafarnaa bikum wa badaa bainanaa wa bainakumul 'adaawatu wal baghdaaa'u abadan hattaa tu'minoo billaahi wahdahooo illaa qawla Ibraheema li abeehi la astaghfiranna laka wa maaa amliku laka minal laahi min shai; rabbanaa 'alaika tawakkalnaa wa ilaika anabnaa wa ilaikal maseer )

4.Indeed, there is a good model (13) for you in Ebrahim and those with him (14). When they said to their people: "Undoubtedly, we have nothing to do with you(15) and with that which you worship (16), except Allah. We reject all that you believe. Enmity and hatred have arisen between us and You forever (17), until you believe in (18) Allah alone." But what Ebrahim said to his father was:"I would certainly ask forgiveness (19) for you, so I have no authority (20) for any of your favours against Allah. O our Lord, we put our trust in You and to You do we turn and to You is our final return (21),"

رَبَّنَا لَا تَجۡعَلۡنَا فِتۡنَةٗ لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ وَٱغۡفِرۡ لَنَا رَبَّنَآۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ ٱلۡعَزِيزُ ٱلۡحَكِيمُ
Transliteration:( Rabbana laa taj'alnaa fitnatal lillazeena kafaroo waghfir lanaa rabbanaa innaka antal azeezul hakeem )

5.Our Lord, do not make us a trial (22) for those who do not believe, and forgive us. Our Lord, surely, You are the Most Honourable, the Most Wise.

لَقَدۡ كَانَ لَكُمۡ فِيهِمۡ أُسۡوَةٌ حَسَنَةٞ لِّمَن كَانَ يَرۡجُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَٱلۡيَوۡمَ ٱلۡأٓخِرَۚ وَمَن يَتَوَلَّ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ هُوَ ٱلۡغَنِيُّ ٱلۡحَمِيدُ
Transliteration:( Laqad kaana lakum feehim uswatunhasanatul liman kaana yarjul laaha wal yawmal aakhir; wa many yatawalla fa innal laaha huwal ghaniyyul hameed )

6.Certainly, there is for you in them (23)good model for him who has hope in Allah(24)and the Last Day. But, hosoever turns (25) away, then undoubtedly, Allah is Self-Sufficient, All Praised.

۞عَسَى ٱللَّهُ أَن يَجۡعَلَ بَيۡنَكُمۡ وَبَيۡنَ ٱلَّذِينَ عَادَيۡتُم مِّنۡهُم مَّوَدَّةٗۚ وَٱللَّهُ قَدِيرٞۚ وَٱللَّهُ غَفُورٞ رَّحِيمٞ
Transliteration:( Asal laahu any yaj'ala bainakum wa bainal lazeena 'aadaitum minhum mawaddah; wallahu qadeer; wallahu ghafoorur raheem )

7. It may be that Allah may bring about friendship (26) between you and those whom you hold to be your enemies among you. But Allah is All-Powerful and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful (27).

لَّا يَنۡهَىٰكُمُ ٱللَّهُ عَنِ ٱلَّذِينَ لَمۡ يُقَٰتِلُوكُمۡ فِي ٱلدِّينِ وَلَمۡ يُخۡرِجُوكُم مِّن دِيَٰرِكُمۡ أَن تَبَرُّوهُمۡ وَتُقۡسِطُوٓاْ إِلَيۡهِمۡۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُحِبُّ ٱلۡمُقۡسِطِينَ
Transliteration:( Laa yanhaakumul laahu 'anil lazeena lam yuqaatilookum fid deeni wa lam yukhrijookum min diyaarikum an tabarroohum wa tuqsitooo ilaihim; innal laaha yuhibbul muqsiteen )

8.Allah does not forbid you to respect those who have not fought against you on account of (your) religion, and who have not expelled (28) you out of your homes, that you show them kindness and deal with them justly. Undoubtedly, Allah loves (29) those who are just.

إِنَّمَا يَنۡهَىٰكُمُ ٱللَّهُ عَنِ ٱلَّذِينَ قَٰتَلُوكُمۡ فِي ٱلدِّينِ وَأَخۡرَجُوكُم مِّن دِيَٰرِكُمۡ وَظَٰهَرُواْ عَلَىٰٓ إِخۡرَاجِكُمۡ أَن تَوَلَّوۡهُمۡۚ وَمَن يَتَوَلَّهُمۡ فَأُوْلَـٰٓئِكَ هُمُ ٱلظَّـٰلِمُونَ
Transliteration:( Innamaa yanhaakumul laahu 'anil lazeena qaatalookum fid deeni wa akhrajookum min diyaarikum wa zaaharoo 'alaa ikhraajikum an tawallawhum; wa many yatawallahum fa ulaaa'ika humuz zaalimoon )

9. Allah only forbids you in respect of those who have fought against you on account of (your) religion (30) and expelled you from your home and backed (others) in your expulsion, that you befriend (31) them. And whoever makes friendship with them, those are the unjust (32).

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ إِذَا جَآءَكُمُ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنَٰتُ مُهَٰجِرَٰتٖ فَٱمۡتَحِنُوهُنَّۖ ٱللَّهُ أَعۡلَمُ بِإِيمَٰنِهِنَّۖ فَإِنۡ عَلِمۡتُمُوهُنَّ مُؤۡمِنَٰتٖ فَلَا تَرۡجِعُوهُنَّ إِلَى ٱلۡكُفَّارِۖ لَا هُنَّ حِلّٞ لَّهُمۡ وَلَا هُمۡ يَحِلُّونَ لَهُنَّۖ وَءَاتُوهُم مَّآ أَنفَقُواْۚ وَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيۡكُمۡ أَن تَنكِحُوهُنَّ إِذَآ ءَاتَيۡتُمُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّۚ وَلَا تُمۡسِكُواْ بِعِصَمِ ٱلۡكَوَافِرِ وَسۡـَٔلُواْ مَآ أَنفَقۡتُمۡ وَلۡيَسۡـَٔلُواْ مَآ أَنفَقُواْۚ ذَٰلِكُمۡ حُكۡمُ ٱللَّهِ يَحۡكُمُ بَيۡنَكُمۡۖ وَٱللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٞ
Transliteration:( Yaaa ayyuhal lazeena aamanoo izaa jaaa'akumul mu'minaatu muhaajiraatin famtahinoo hunn; Allaahu a'lamu bi eemaani hinn; fa in 'alimtumoo hunna mu'minaatin falaa tarji'oo hunna ilal kuffaar; laa hunna hillul lahum wa laa hum yahilloona lahunna wa aatoohum maa anfaqoo wa laa junaaha 'alaikum an tankihoohunna izaaa aataitumoohunna ujoorahunn; wa laa tumsikoo bi 'isamil kawaafir; was'aloo maaa anfaqtum walyas'aloo maaa anfaqoo; zaalikum hukmul laahi yahkumu bainakum; wallaahu 'aleemun hakeem )

10. O believers! When believing women come to you as refugees, examine (33) them. Allah Knows best their faith (34). Then if you find them to be true believers, do not send them back to the infidels (35), Neither are these (women) lawful (36) for them, nor are they (men) lawful to these (women). And give their infidel husbands what they have spent (37).And there is no blame on you if you marry (38) them when you pay them their dowries (39). And hold not to them ties of marriage (40) with infidel women and ask back what you have spent, and the infidels should ask (41) for what they have spent (42). This is the order of Allah. He judges between you., Wise. And Allah is All-Knowing

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Surah Al-Mumtahanah English Translation and Transliteration

In Surah Al-Mumtahanah you can read the translation of Ahmad Raza Khan who was a renowned scholar of the Islamic world and his translation book is known as Kanzul Imaan. You can read the transliteration of Surah Al-Mumtahanah which will help you to understand how to read the Arabic text. Apart from that, we have included a Word-By-Word English Translation of the Arabic text of Surah Al-Mumtahanah.

Surah Al-Mumtahanah English Tafsir/Tafseer (Commentry)

In Surah Al-Mumtahanah we have included two Tafseer (Commentary) in English. The first one is from Mufti Ahmad Yaar Khan who was a well-known scholar. In this tafsir, we have also included the most popular Tafsir Ibn-Kathir which is the most comprehensive tafsir available in the world. You can read both or any one of your choice.

Frequently Asked Questions

There are 13 verses / Ayat in Surah Al-Mumtahanah

Surah Al-Mumtahanah was revealed in Madinah

Surah Al-Mumtahanah can be found in Juz or Para 28

There are 2 1/2 Ruku in Surah Al-Mumtahanah

Surah number of Surah Al-Mumtahanah is 60

The meaning of Surah Al-Mumtahanah is The Examined One, She That Is To Be Examined

You can find English Translation, Transliteration and Tafseer/Tafsir of Surah Al-Mumtahanah here at quran4ever.com. Here two tafseer are currently.One is Tafsir Ibn-Kathir and another one is Tafsir-e-Naeemi.

Dear bothers and sisters as a Sunni Muslim we cannot say any Translation and Tafseer was as long it conforms with the 4 school of thoughts. But here at quran4ever.com, we have included Tafsir Ibn-Kathir which is most comprehensive tafsir. Apart from that we have also included tafsir of Mufti Ahmad Yaar khan, Tafsir-e-Naeemi of Surah Al-Mumtahanah.

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