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Surah Al-Hashr English Translation,Transliteration Tafsir [1-10]

About the surah Al-Hashr

Al-Hashr (Arabic: الحشر, "The Exile") is the 59th chapter (sūrah) of the Qur'an and has 24 Āyahs (verses). 

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The summary/theme of the surah Al-Hashr: 

It is through the example of the Battle of Banu Nadir that the believer demonstrates the victory of the believers. In the Holy Scriptures, Allah teaches us that He creates fear in the hearts of His enemies in order to allow the believers to overcome them and deliver the justice that they deserve for betraying the Prophet.

Lesson learned from surah Al-Hashr: 

  1. Whoever shows hostility towards Allāh and His Messenger ﷺ is in for a severe punishment.  
  2. Whatever the Messenger ﷺ gives and teaches you, take it happily. And whatever he refrains you from, refrain from it.  
  3. Some qualities of the Anṣār:  
  4. They prepared Al-Madīnah for the Muhājirūn  
  5. They truly loved the Muhājirūn  
  6. They felt no envy in the wealth that was granted to the Muhājirūn  
  7. They gave preference to others over themselves even though they themselves were in poverty.    
  8. Whoever is saved from the greed of his/her heart is indeed successful.  
  9. Make a point of making this du‘ā: 
  10. رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْ لَنَا وَلِإِخْوَانِنَا الَّذِينَ سَبَقُونَا بِالْإِيمَانِ وَلَا تَجْعَلْ فِي قُلُوبِنَا غِلًّا لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا رَبَّنَا إِنَّكَ رَءُوفٌ رَحِيم (٥٩: ١٠) 
  11. ‘Our Rabb! Forgive us and those of our brothers who preceded us in faith, and do not place in ourhearts any rancour against those who believe; Surely, Our Lord, you are Very-Kind, Very-Merciful.’ (59:10)  
  12. The hypocrites would continuously make false promises, which Allāh exposed.  
  13. The hypocrites would only fight if they knew they had more of a chance of surviving. Their relations between themselves were extremely fragile, and disputes rife. On the outset, it looked as if they were a united bunch, yet their hearts were divided.  
  14. One way of achieving taqwā is to continuously ponder over what deeds you have sent forth for the Hereafter.  
  15. If you forget Allāh, He will cause you to forget yourself.  
  16. Allāh has many beautiful names; we should learn them and call Him by them.
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بِسۡمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

 

سَبَّحَ لِلَّهِ مَا فِي ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَمَا فِي ٱلۡأَرۡضِۖ وَهُوَ ٱلۡعَزِيزُ ٱلۡحَكِيمُ
Transliteration:( Sabbaha lillaahi maa fissamaawaati wa maa fil ardi wa Huwal 'Azeezul Hakeem )

1. Whatever is in the heavens (1) and whatever is in the earth glorifies Allah, and He is the Most Honourable, the Most Wise (2).

هُوَ ٱلَّذِيٓ أَخۡرَجَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ مِنۡ أَهۡلِ ٱلۡكِتَٰبِ مِن دِيَٰرِهِمۡ لِأَوَّلِ ٱلۡحَشۡرِۚ مَا ظَنَنتُمۡ أَن يَخۡرُجُواْۖ وَظَنُّوٓاْ أَنَّهُم مَّانِعَتُهُمۡ حُصُونُهُم مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ فَأَتَىٰهُمُ ٱللَّهُ مِنۡ حَيۡثُ لَمۡ يَحۡتَسِبُواْۖ وَقَذَفَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمُ ٱلرُّعۡبَۚ يُخۡرِبُونَ بُيُوتَهُم بِأَيۡدِيهِمۡ وَأَيۡدِي ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ فَٱعۡتَبِرُواْ يَـٰٓأُوْلِي ٱلۡأَبۡصَٰرِ
Transliteration:( Huwal lazeee akharajal lazeena kafaroo min ahlil kitaabi min diyaarihim li awwalil Hashr; maa zanantum any yakhrujoo wa zannooo annahum maa ni'atuhum husoonuhum minal laahi faataahumul laahu min haisu lam yahtasiboo wa qazafa fee quloobihimur ru'ba yukhriboona bu yootahum bi aydeehim wa aydil mu'mineena fa'tabiroo yaaa ulil absaar )

2.It is He who expelled (Jews) the infidels (3) of the people of the Book (4) from their homes at the first (5) assembly. You did not think (6) that they would go forth; while they were certain that their fortresses would defend (7) them against Allah. But Allah came upon them from where they did not expect (8), and filled their hearts with terror. They demolished their houses with their own hands (9), and the hands of the believers (10). Therefore, take a lesson, O you men of vision (11)

وَلَوۡلَآ أَن كَتَبَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيۡهِمُ ٱلۡجَلَآءَ لَعَذَّبَهُمۡ فِي ٱلدُّنۡيَاۖ وَلَهُمۡ فِي ٱلۡأٓخِرَةِ عَذَابُ ٱلنَّارِ
Transliteration:( Wa law laaa an katabal laahu 'alaihimul jalaaa'a la'azzabahum fid dunyaa wa lahum fil Aakhirati 'azaabun Naar )

3. And certainly, had it not been that Allah had decreed for them the exile, He would certainly have punished (12) them in this world. But in the Hereafter they would have the punishment of the fire (13).

ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمۡ شَآقُّواْ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُۥۖ وَمَن يُشَآقِّ ٱللَّهَ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ شَدِيدُ ٱلۡعِقَابِ
Transliteration:( Zaalika bi annahum shaaqqul laaha wa Rasoolahoo wa many yushaaaqqil laaha fa innal laaha shadeedul-'iqaab )

4.That is because they opposed (14) Allah and His Messenger. And whoever acts in opposition to Allah, and then surely, Allah is severe (15) in retribution.

مَا قَطَعۡتُم مِّن لِّينَةٍ أَوۡ تَرَكۡتُمُوهَا قَآئِمَةً عَلَىٰٓ أُصُولِهَا فَبِإِذۡنِ ٱللَّهِ وَلِيُخۡزِيَ ٱلۡفَٰسِقِينَ
Transliteration:( Maa qata'tum mil leenatin aw taraktumoohaa qaaa'imatan'alaaa usoolihaa fabi iznil laahi wa liyukhziyal faasiqeen )

5. The palm tree you (Muhammad) cut down or left standing upon its roots (16), it was by the Command of Allah. And He will disgrace the infidels.

وَمَآ أَفَآءَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ رَسُولِهِۦ مِنۡهُمۡ فَمَآ أَوۡجَفۡتُمۡ عَلَيۡهِ مِنۡ خَيۡلٖ وَلَا رِكَابٖ وَلَٰكِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُسَلِّطُ رُسُلَهُۥ عَلَىٰ مَن يَشَآءُۚ وَٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيۡءٖ قَدِيرٞ
Transliteration:( Wa maaa afaaa'al laahu 'alaaa Rasoolihee minhum famaaa awjaftum 'alaihi min khailiinw wa laa rikaabinw wa laakinnal laaha yusallitu Rusulahoo 'alaa many yashaaa'; wallaahu 'alaa kulli shai'in Qadeer )

6. And whatever Allah gave to his Messenger as the booties, you neither urged to get a horse nor a camel (17) for that, but Allah grants authority to His Messenger (18) against whom He pleases. And Allah has Power over everything (19),

مَّآ أَفَآءَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ رَسُولِهِۦ مِنۡ أَهۡلِ ٱلۡقُرَىٰ فَلِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ وَلِذِي ٱلۡقُرۡبَىٰ وَٱلۡيَتَٰمَىٰ وَٱلۡمَسَٰكِينِ وَٱبۡنِ ٱلسَّبِيلِ كَيۡ لَا يَكُونَ دُولَةَۢ بَيۡنَ ٱلۡأَغۡنِيَآءِ مِنكُمۡۚ وَمَآ ءَاتَىٰكُمُ ٱلرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَمَا نَهَىٰكُمۡ عَنۡهُ فَٱنتَهُواْۚ وَٱتَّقُواْ ٱللَّهَۖ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ شَدِيدُ ٱلۡعِقَابِ
Transliteration:( Maaa afaaa'al laahu 'alaa Rasoolihee min ahlil quraa falillaahi wa lir Rasooli wa lizil qurbaa wal yataamaa walmasaakeeni wabnis sabeeli kai laa yakoona doolatam bainal aghniyaaa'i minkum; wa maaa aataakumur Rasoolu fakhuzoohu wa maa nahaakum 'anhu fantahoo; wattaqul laaha innal laaha shadeedul-'iqaab )

7. Whatever Allah has given to His Messenger as booty, from the people of the town, it is for Allah and for the Messenger and for the next of kin (20) and the orphans, and the needy, and the wayfarers (21), so that it may not become the wealth of your rich (22). And whatever the Messenger of Allah gives you, take it. And fear Allah. Surely Allah is severe in retribution (23).

لِلۡفُقَرَآءِ ٱلۡمُهَٰجِرِينَ ٱلَّذِينَ أُخۡرِجُواْ مِن دِيَٰرِهِمۡ وَأَمۡوَٰلِهِمۡ يَبۡتَغُونَ فَضۡلٗا مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ وَرِضۡوَٰنٗا وَيَنصُرُونَ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُۥٓۚ أُوْلَـٰٓئِكَ هُمُ ٱلصَّـٰدِقُونَ
Transliteration:( Lilfuqaraaa'il Muhaaji reenal lazeena ukhrijoo min diyaarihim wa amwaalihim yabtaghoona fadlam minal laahi wa ridwaananw wa yansuroonal laaha wa Rasoolah; ulaaa'ika humus saadiqoon )

8. Booty is for the poor refugees who were driven from (24) their homes and their possessions, seeking grace (25) of Allah and His Pleasure, and assisting (26) Allah and His Messenger. These are the truthful persons (27).
Topic Discussed: Refugees   | Allah(Word)   | Rasool/Messanger   | Human(Word)   | Feed the poor   | Booties   | Truthful   |

وَٱلَّذِينَ تَبَوَّءُو ٱلدَّارَ وَٱلۡإِيمَٰنَ مِن قَبۡلِهِمۡ يُحِبُّونَ مَنۡ هَاجَرَ إِلَيۡهِمۡ وَلَا يَجِدُونَ فِي صُدُورِهِمۡ حَاجَةٗ مِّمَّآ أُوتُواْ وَيُؤۡثِرُونَ عَلَىٰٓ أَنفُسِهِمۡ وَلَوۡ كَانَ بِهِمۡ خَصَاصَةٞۚ وَمَن يُوقَ شُحَّ نَفۡسِهِۦ فَأُوْلَـٰٓئِكَ هُمُ ٱلۡمُفۡلِحُونَ
Transliteration:( Wallazeena tabawwa'ud daara wal eemaana min qablihim yuhibboona man haajara ilaihim wa laa yajidoona fee sudoorihim haajatam mimmaa ootoo wa yu'siroona 'alaa anfusihim wa law kaana bihim khasaasah; wa many yooqa shuhha nafsihee fa ulaaa'ika humul muflihoon )

9. And those who had their homes in this city (Madina) and accepted faith (28) before (the arrival of the Holy Prophet there), love (29) those who come to them for refuge, and do not mind (30) a need of what they (refugees) are given, and prefer refugees to themselves, and even though poverty (31) may afflict them. And whoever is away from the miserliness of his own self, (they) are the successful (32) ones.

وَٱلَّذِينَ جَآءُو مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِمۡ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا ٱغۡفِرۡ لَنَا وَلِإِخۡوَٰنِنَا ٱلَّذِينَ سَبَقُونَا بِٱلۡإِيمَٰنِ وَلَا تَجۡعَلۡ فِي قُلُوبِنَا غِلّٗا لِّلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ رَبَّنَآ إِنَّكَ رَءُوفٞ رَّحِيمٌ
Transliteration:( Wallazeena jaaa'oo min ba'dihim yaqooloona Rabbanagh fir lanaa wa li ikhwaani nal lazeena sabqoonaa bil eemaani wa laa taj'al fee quloobinaa ghillalil lazeena aamanoo rabbannaaa innaka Ra'oofur Raheem )

10. And those who came after (33) them submitted: "O our Lord! Forgive us and our brothers who preceded (34) us in faith." Do not leave a grudge (35) to remain in our hearts towards those who believe. Our Lord, surely, you are Kind and Merciful (36).

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Surah Al-Hashr English Translation and Transliteration

In Surah Al-Hashr you can read the translation of Ahmad Raza Khan who was a renowned scholar of the Islamic world and his translation book is known as Kanzul Imaan. You can read the transliteration of Surah Al-Hashr which will help you to understand how to read the Arabic text. Apart from that, we have included a Word-By-Word English Translation of the Arabic text of Surah Al-Hashr.

Surah Al-Hashr English Tafsir/Tafseer (Commentry)

In Surah Al-Hashr we have included two Tafseer (Commentary) in English. The first one is from Mufti Ahmad Yaar Khan who was a well-known scholar. In this tafsir, we have also included the most popular Tafsir Ibn-Kathir which is the most comprehensive tafsir available in the world. You can read both or any one of your choice.

Frequently Asked Questions

There are 24 verses / Ayat in Surah Al-Hashr

Surah Al-Hashr was revealed in Madinah

Surah Al-Hashr can be found in Juz or Para 28

There are 3 1/2 Ruku in Surah Al-Hashr

Surah number of Surah Al-Hashr is 59

The meaning of Surah Al-Hashr is The Mustering, The Gathering, Exile, Banishment

You can find English Translation, Transliteration and Tafseer/Tafsir of Surah Al-Hashr here at quran4ever.com. Here two tafseer are currently.One is Tafsir Ibn-Kathir and another one is Tafsir-e-Naeemi.

Dear bothers and sisters as a Sunni Muslim we cannot say any Translation and Tafseer was as long it conforms with the 4 school of thoughts. But here at quran4ever.com, we have included Tafsir Ibn-Kathir which is most comprehensive tafsir. Apart from that we have also included tafsir of Mufti Ahmad Yaar khan, Tafsir-e-Naeemi of Surah Al-Hashr.

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