Quran Quote  : 

قُلۡ يٰۤاَيُّهَا الۡكٰفِرُوۡنَۙ‏ ﴿۱﴾

1. Please declare (0 beloved Muhammad) "O infidels" (2).

Background of its Revelation:

Some leaders of the Quraish had come to the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم and said that accept some parts of our religion and we will accept some parts of your religion. Or, for one year you must worship our idols and for one year we will worship your Allah. In this way we will make peace between us. To this, the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم :replied "Allah Forbid! I can never commit polytheism". Hearing this, they said: "Why not kiss our idols out of respect? If you do this, we will accept you as a true Prophet. On that occasion, this Surah was revealed (Tafseer Khazainul Irfaan, Tafseer Khazin, Azizi, etc.). From this we learn that a religious truce with the infidels is not only totally forbidden, but that this would amount to infidelity. Furthermore, the respect of the big days of the infidels is infidelity.

2. By this is meant those infidels who had committed infidelity concerning the Knowledge of Allah Almighty and had been destined to die of infidelity, like Abu Jahl, Aas bin Waa'il, Umayyah bin Khalf, etc. as is understood from the subsequent subject. Thus, after the revelation of this Surah, the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم proceeded to the Haram Shareef, where there was a crowd of infidels. He made this proclamation and recited this Surah, which disheartened those people. Thereafter, they began to persecute the Holy Prophet, and his Noble Companions.

From this, emerge a few issues:

1. In the heart of the believer there should be no fear for the infidel.

2. The infidels should not be remembered with good titles, without a religious reason.

3. To call an infidel an infidel is Islamic culture, because the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم did not address these wretches as brother or uncle, but addressed them as "O infidels".

Surah Name : Al-Kafirun   Surah Number : 109   Ayat Number: 1
Topic : Non-Believer

لَاۤ اَعۡبُدُ مَا تَعۡبُدُوۡنَۙ‏ ﴿۲﴾

2. "I do not worship that which you worship" (3).

3. It means that since I have never committed polytheism prior to Prophethood, then how is it possible that after the advent of my prophethood I should worship idols? It should be remembered that the infidels were also worshipping stones, trees, stars and photos of some pious persons as well as worshipping Allah Almighty. But, against the law of Islam, here, used that which rejected the worship of the first type of deity. From this we learn that hiding the truth (Taqiyya) is against the teachings of Islam, because even in such a helpless situation, the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم did not conceal his religion but, instead, proclaimed it openly. You should reveal your religion through word and deed.

Surah Name : Al-Kafirun   Surah Number : 109   Ayat Number: 2
Topic : Allah Worship

وَلَاۤ اَنۡتُمۡ عٰبِدُوۡنَ مَاۤ اَعۡبُدُ‌ۚ‏ ﴿۳﴾

3. "Nor do you worship those whom I worship"(4)

4. It means O Infidels! You are not the worshippers of Allah because you worship idols and this is not the worship of Allah Almighty. The worship of Allah is that which would be according to the teachings of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم. Secondly, any person who omits the Sunnah of the Holy and invents new acts of worship according to his own plan is not a saint, but a devil, like the present day hippie-idlers who omit Salaah and Fasting and yet people regard them as saints. Thirdly, those pious persons to whom forty day seclusions (Chillah) and acts of worship are linked which are contradictory to Shariah, are wrong, e.g. a certain pious person hung himself upside down in a well for twelve years, because such pious persons would never neglect Salaah and congregation of that period. Fourthly, any believer who may be a stranger to us is our brother, while an infidel, even if he is your own son, is nothing to us. Observe, here, peace and compromise was not made with the infidels because our and their object of worship is not the same.

Surah Name : Al-Kafirun   Surah Number : 109   Ayat Number: 3
Topic : Allah Worship

وَلَاۤ اَنَا عَابِدٌ مَّا عَبَدتُّمۡۙ‏ ﴿۴﴾

4. " And I shall never worship what you worship" (5).

5. It means that even in my future days of life I will never indulge in polytheism. A person goes astray through four ways:

(1) Due to unawareness of the true religion. the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم was fully aware of it at birth.

2) Due to the misguidance of the baser self (Nafs e Ammarah) the Holy Prophet had no baser self.

3) Due to the misguidance of the devil the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم was protected from the devil.

4) Due to evil company others are benefiting from the total company of the Holy Prophet because he is deeply hued in the colours of Allah Almighty. Hence, there is no question of misguidance here at all. From this emerge a few issues:

1. In worldly matters a person can adopt leniency, but in matters of religion he must be very strict, so that the infidels should become despondent (Tafseer Roohul Bayaan).

2.The Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم was fully aware of his future that he would never indulge in infidelity, polytheism and transgression.

3. A believer should make the infidels despondent of him.

Surah Name : Al-Kafirun   Surah Number : 109   Ayat Number: 4
Topic : Allah Worship

 وَ لَاۤ اَنۡتُمۡ عٰبِدُوۡنَ مَاۤ اَعۡبُدُؕ‏ ﴿۵﴾

5. "And nor will you worship that whom I worship" (6).

6. It means that I am informing you that Allah Almighty, whom I worship, you will never worship. In fact, you will die an infidel and a transgressor. From this we learn that Allah Almighty has provided full knowledge to His (Therefore) Beloved Prophet about the good and the bad end of every person, i.e. who will die on infidelity and who on faith. Here, the address is directed to those infidels who had been destined to die of infidelity.

Surah Name : Al-Kafirun   Surah Number : 109   Ayat Number: 5
Topic : Allah Worship

لَـكُمۡ دِيۡنُكُمۡ وَلِىَ دِيۡنِ‏ ﴿۶﴾

6. (Therefore) "To you your religion and for me my religion" (7).

7. It means, 0 Infidels! Infidelity, transgression, rebelliousness and faithlessness has become so intensely obligatory upon you like heat is to fire and excreta is to impurity, because infidelity can never be separated from you. While my faith, mystical knowledge and closeness to Allah Almighty has become so obligatory for me like light is to the sun, as these virtuous qualities can never be separated from me. Under this condition it is a prophecy and the verse is firm and not abrogated. Or, it could mean, O Infidels! I have no connection with your infidelity. You are avowed infidels and have no connection with my Religion and faith. In this case, this verse is abrogated from verses of Jihad (Holy War), because although infidelity is not totally obliterated through holy war, its power is certainly broken. If anyone recites this Surah before sleeping will, if Allah wills, die on faith.

Surah Name : Al-Kafirun   Surah Number : 109   Ayat Number: 6
Topic : Allah Worship

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