Quran Quote  : 

اِنَّاۤ اَعۡطَيۡنٰكَ الۡكَوۡثَرَؕ‏ ﴿۱﴾

1. (0 Beloved Muhammad) Undoubtedly, We have bestowed upon you an abundance of good(1).

Reason for its Revelation:

When the Holy Prophet's صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم son Hazrat Cassim died in Makkah and Hazrat Ebrahim died in Madina, infidels like. Aas bin Waa'il, etc. said that the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم has now become issueless After him his name will not be perpetuated. nor his religion. In order to repudiate their claim and to comfort the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم this blessed Surah was . revealed (Tafseer Roohul Bayaan, etc.).

1. This word "Kauthar" in terms of grammatical metre denotes exaggerated case and is formed from abundance. KATHEER indicates many, AKHTAR indicates the superlative form i.e. most. KITHAAR denotes very much and KAUTHAR means abundance of good which is beyond the intelligence and understanding of a person. By it is meant the Fountain of Kauthar, whose area is equal to a month's journey. It is flowing on rubies and pearls. At its edge there are countless tents of single pearls and rows of lush green trees. Its goblets are countless as the stars. Its one tributary is in the homes of the inmates of Paradise, while the second one would be at the Field of Accountability, from which the apostates would be barred. Or, it means the abundance of the Holy Prophet's Prophet's صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم many children or countless followers, which have spread to every nook and cranny of the world. Or, the Holy Prophet’s صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم boundless knowledge and deeds, or the Holy Prophet's countless صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم virtues and attributes, or his Major Intercession, or it could mean the world of abundance (Tafseer Azizi. etc.). Hazrat Abdullah ibn Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him) said that by "Kauthar" is meant abundance of good. It includes the Fountain of Kauthar (Bukhari Shareef). Here, bear a few things in mind:

1. This topic has been commenced with INNA 'most certainly'; because the infidels of Makkah were rejectors of this possession of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم like how today some people of defective faith deny it saying that the Holy Prophet possesses nothing, so what will he give? Seek whatever you want from Allah Almighty.

2. Allah Almighty has granted everything To the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم and has taken everything. All the Prophets and angels have obtained all the virtues from the Holy Prophet , He says: "Allah gives and I am the distributor of those bounties". Another thing to remember is that it is Allah Almighty Himself Who has granted all the bounties to our Beloved Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم.The world has obtained these bounties from the Prophet of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم given to him.

3. No one can seize anything from the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم because this is the bestowal of Allah Almighty. Does anybody have the power to extinguish the light of the sun?

4. Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم is the master of the entire world, because the world is less; while that which is given to the is Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم tremendously abundant. The world is the smallest part of the possessions of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم

Surah Name : Al-Kawthar   Surah Number : 108   Ayat Number: 1
Topic : Allah has bestowed you in abundance

 فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَانۡحَرۡؕ‏ ﴿۲﴾

2. So offer Salaah to your Lord and offer sacrifice (2).

2. It means to be regular with the five daily prayers, or in lieu of gratitude for this imperial gift, offer many Nawafil (voluntary) acts of worship. Or, offer the Salah of Eid-ul-Adha after which you offer your sacrifice.

From this, emerge a few issues:

1. Regular performance of Salaah is the greatest gratitude for the bounties of Allah Almighty.

2. Sacrifice is a great Islamic custom. It is not acceptable to pay a price in its place.

3. Sacrifice is not specifically for the people of Makkah the pilgrims, as or has been understood. by some ignorant people, because the injunction regarding sacrifice is given to the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم in Madina

4. This Surah is Madinite, because Qurbani became obligatory after Hijrah. Those who call it Makkan are of the opinion that by NAHR (sacrifice) is meant slaughtering in its totality, because the infidels slaughter their animals in the name of their idols. So, O believers! Sacrifice in the Name of your Lord. However, the first statement has greater strength.

Surah Name : Al-Kawthar   Surah Number : 108   Ayat Number: 2
Topic : Offer Prayer and sacrifice to your Lord alone

 اِنَّ شَانِئَكَ هُوَ الۡاَبۡتَرُ‏ ﴿۳﴾

3. Verily, your enemy is deprived of every good (3).

3. In that he may not get the guidance to receive faith. In addition, he may neither receive guidance to do good deeds, nor receive Divine bounties, nor any other form of good. Nor will he obtain salvation in the Hereafter. Thus, Aas bin Waa'il had several children, but by granting them faith, Allah Almighty made him issueless. Even now, it is seen that those who had insulted the dignity of the Holy Prophet, have usually died without a son.

Surah Name : Al-Kawthar   Surah Number : 108   Ayat Number: 3
Topic : Enemy of Prophet Mohammad

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