Quran Quote  :  He knows both what is visible and what is not visible. -

طٰسٓمٓ‏ ﴿۱﴾

Ta'. Sin. Mim

Surah Name : Al-Qasas   Surah Number : 28   Ayat Number: 1
Topic : Lohe Qurani No direct Meaning

تِلۡكَ اٰيٰتُ الۡـكِتٰبِ الۡمُبِيۡنِ‏ ﴿۲﴾

2. These are the verses of the luminous book(2)

2. It means that of the Holy QURAN. It should be remembered that the Divine Tablet too is called the luminous Book and so is the Holy QURAN, but the difference is that the Divine Tablet is luminous only to the special servants of Allah Almighty, while the Holy QURAN is luminous to all the believers.

Surah Name : Al-Qasas   Surah Number : 28   Ayat Number: 2
Topic : Clear Book

 نَـتۡلُوۡا عَلَيۡكَ مِنۡ نَّبَاِ مُوۡسٰى وَفِرۡعَوۡنَ بِالۡحَـقِّ لِقَوۡمٍ يُّؤۡمِنُوۡنَ‏ ﴿۳﴾

3. We recite to you the true news of Musa and Firawn(3) (pharaoh) for those who believe(4)

3. Because the stories of Hazrat Moosa (On whom be peace) and the Pharaoh were very well known, so much so that they had become household tales and the Israelites had brought in many fabrications to these To rectify this. Allah Almighty had revealed these stories in various parts of the QURAN in different ways. In these there is proof of our Holy Prophet's prophethood, as well as that without reading and assistance of any historians, he is able to narrate such stories. Indeed he is a true Prophet who is doing this by means of revelation.
4. From this we learn that the Holy Prophet was fully aware of these stories in advance. Their revelation in the Holy QURAN is to give this information to the believer. For this reason “for those who have faith” is stated here .We further learn that only the believers would benefit from them and not the infidels. In addition, we learn that to narrate and listen to historical events is an act of worship, as they become a means of obtaining piety.

Surah Name : Al-Qasas   Surah Number : 28   Ayat Number: 3
Topic : Story of Moses and Pharaoh Part-5 Surah Qasas

 اِنَّ فِرۡعَوۡنَ عَلَا فِىۡ الۡاَرۡضِ وَجَعَلَ اَهۡلَهَا شِيَـعًا يَّسۡتَضۡعِفُ طَآٮِٕفَةً مِّنۡهُمۡ يُذَبِّحُ اَبۡنَآءَهُمۡ وَيَسۡتَحۡىٖ نِسَآءَهُمۡ‌ؕ اِنَّهٗ كَانَ مِنَ الۡمُفۡسِدِيۡنَ‏ ﴿۴﴾

4. Undoubtedly, Firawn had got control of the earth(5) and made its people his subordinates, he sought to weaken a group (6) of them, slay their sons (7) and let their women (7.1) live. Undoubtedly, he was a mischief maker.

5.“Exaltation on the earth” is called that controlling power in the Holy QURAN which is for giving air to one's ego and its end result is cruelty and tyranny .This is what is meant here "Desire not exaltation on the earth nor disorder" (528 V83). If this control is intended for the sake of religion, it would be an act of worship .Hazrat Yusuf (On whom be peace) told the king to grant him the control over the treasures .Here the word ‘Earth’ signifies the ground of Egypt.

6.This means for one group from the inhabitants of Egypt as they were Israelites.

7.Thus the Pharaoh had between eighty and ninety thousand innocent male infants from the Israelites killed (Tafseer Roohul Ma’ani).

7.1. so that the girls who were spared would serve him when they came of age. He had no fear from the girls because the sooth-sayers had given him this information that one boy, from the Israelites, will put an end to your kingdom. Here 'their women' denotes their small daughters who would become women in time to come.

Surah Name : Al-Qasas   Surah Number : 28   Ayat Number: 4
Topic : Story of Moses and Pharaoh Part-5 Surah Qasas

 وَنُرِيۡدُ اَنۡ نَّمُنَّ عَلَى الَّذِيۡنَ اسۡتُضۡعِفُوۡا فِىۡ الۡاَرۡضِ وَنَجۡعَلَهُمۡ اَٮِٕمَّةً وَّنَجۡعَلَهُمُ الۡوٰرِثِيۡنَۙ‏ ﴿۵﴾

5. And We desired that We should be gracious (8) to those weakened and make them leaders (9) and should make them the inheritors of their country and wealth(10).

8. This tells us that prophethood and kingdom are some of the major favours from the kind offices of Allah Almighty.

9. Religious as well as worldly, so that Israelites should obtain guidance from Hazrat Moosa On whom he peace) while others should obtain it from the Israelites

10.Here the 'heir' does not denote inheritance in terms of religion because a believer cannot be an heir of an infidel. Also, there was no genealogical relationship between the Qibtees (people of the Pharaoh) and the Israelites. Instead. it denotes inheritance in the absurd way, ie becoming an heir of his wealth after his death.

Surah Name : Al-Qasas   Surah Number : 28   Ayat Number: 5
Topic : Story of Moses and Pharaoh Part-5 Surah Qasas

 وَنُمَكِّنَ لَهُمۡ فِىۡ الۡاَرۡضِ وَنُرِىَ فِرۡعَوۡنَ وَهَامٰنَ وَجُنُوۡدَهُمَا مِنۡهُمۡ مَّا كَانُوۡا يَحۡذَرُوۡنَ‏ ﴿۶﴾

6. And We should establish them in the earth(11) and show to Firawn and Haman and their armies the same, which they fear, from them. (12)

11. By earth is meant the earth of Egypt and this is the commentary of this inheritance. Or by ground means the lands of Syna. Egypt, etc.

12. The decline of his kingdom as well as his own destruction at the hands of one son of the Israelites .This tells us that fate does not escape through any planning or course of action.

Surah Name : Al-Qasas   Surah Number : 28   Ayat Number: 6
Topic : Story of Moses and Pharaoh Part-5 Surah Qasas

 وَاَوۡحَيۡنَاۤ اِلٰٓى اُمِّ مُوۡسٰٓى اَنۡ اَرۡضِعِيۡهِ‌ۚ فَاِذَا خِفۡتِ عَلَيۡهِ فَاَلۡقِيۡهِ فِىۡ الۡيَمِّ وَلَا تَخَافِىۡ وَلَا تَحۡزَنِىۡۚ اِنَّا رَآدُّوۡهُ اِلَيۡكِ وَجَاعِالُوۡهُ مِنَ الۡمُرۡسَلِيۡنَ‏ ﴿۷﴾

7. And We inspired (13) the mother of Musa, suckle him (14), When you may have fear for him (15), then cast him into river and fear (16) not and nor grieve; undoubtedly, we shall return him to you and shall make him Messengers. (17)

13. Through a dream or an angel. Or he placed it into their hearts. There are a great deal of divergent views on the name of the mother of Hazrat Moosa (On whom be peace) Generally the accepted name is Yohaiz and she is from the children of Ladi Bin Hazrat Yacoob (On whom be peace) (Tafseer Khazainul Irfaan and Roohul Ma'ani).

14. For a few days Hazrat Moosa (On whom be peace) did not cry while hidden from everyone, and no one besides his sister Mariam came to know about his birth, not even the neighbours (Khazainul Irfaan).

15. This means after a few days your neighbours will come to know and they will inform Pharoah about it. At the time you should take this course of action. From this we learn that the mother of Hazrat Moosa (On whom be peace) was a complete Saint, and the saints of Allah Almighty are provided knowledge of the unseen from Him. Thus Yohaiz suckled Hazrat Moosa (On whom be peace) for three months. Thereafter those incidents came to pass which are described later.

16. From this we learn that Yohaiz had been given information of the following. Hazrat Moosa (On whom be peace) would not die now; you yourself would be taking care of him. Hazrat Moosa (On whom be peace) would be made a Prophet. All these things are from the knowledge of the unseen. This tells us that Saints of Allah Almighty are bestowed with knowledge of the unseen.

17. From this we learn that the wife can be called a member of the household. because Hazrat Moosa (On whom be peace) was picked up by Hazrat Asiya the wife of the Pharaoh, who had been called the family of Pharaoh. Thus the Holy Prophet's wives are included in family of Hazrat Muhammad. It should be remembered that Yohaiz had placed the box in the river in the evening which reached the place of the Pharaoh in the morning.

Surah Name : Al-Qasas   Surah Number : 28   Ayat Number: 7
Topic : Story of Moses and Pharaoh Part-5 Surah Qasas

فَالۡتَقَطَهٗۤ اٰلُ فِرۡعَوۡنَ لِيَكُوۡنَ لَهُمۡ عَدُوًّا وَّحَزَنًا‌ ؕ اِنَّ فِرۡعَوۡنَ وَهَامٰنَ وَجُنُوۡدَهُمَا كَانُوۡا خٰطِــِٕيۡنَ‏ ﴿۸﴾

8. Then the family(18) of Firawn picked him up so that he may become their enemy and grief. Undoubtedly Firawn and Haman and their armies were wrongdoers.(19)

18. In the word LEYAKOONA the letter LAAM is consequential like it is said to be the thief's intention of the thief, but the consequence of his action. In the same way, the Pharaoh had picked up Hazrat Moosal with the intention of making him his son not his enemy. But this was the consequence. It should be remembered that in the word 'for them' Asiya (wife of the Pharaoh) is not included, but rather the Pharaoh and his followers.

19. Those who regarded Hazrat Moosa as heirless child included those saints or those heirs; or it could mean those people were terrible criminals, and now that person has reached the house who would be not punishing them i.e. Hazrat Moosa.

Surah Name : Al-Qasas   Surah Number : 28   Ayat Number: 8
Topic : Story of Moses and Pharaoh Part-5 Surah Qasas

 وَقَالَتِ امۡرَاَتُ فِرۡعَوۡنَ قُرَّتُ عَيۡنٍ لِّىۡ وَلَكَ‌ؕ لَا تَقۡتُلُوۡهُ ‌ۖ  عَسٰٓى اَنۡ يَّـنۡفَعَنَاۤ اَوۡ نَـتَّخِذَهٗ وَلَدًا وَّهُمۡ لَا يَشۡعُرُوۡنَ‏ ﴿۹﴾

9. And the wife of Firawn (20), said, this child is a comfort to you and me (21). Said slay him not perhaps he may profit us (22) or we may take him for a Son (23), and they were unaware.

20. This tells us that by rendering service to the Prophet sunken ships come to the fore.This is the reason why Hazrat Asiya had been bestowed with the greatness ie she saved the life of Hazzal Moosa and served him. Hazrat Asia was childless. Whoever would see Hazrat Moosa would fall in love with him

21. This means after seeing him. I am beginning to love him so are you. The full name of the wife of Pharaoh is Asiya bint Muzahim bint baid bin Rayyaan bin Waleed.This is the same Rayyaan bin Waleed who was the king of Egypt during the time of Hazrat Yusuf (On whom be peace) (Roohul ma'ani).

22. It is stated in Tafseer Roohul Bayaan that Hazrat Asiya had one daughter having leucoderma. When she applied the saliva of Hazrat Moosa (On whom he peace) on her leucoderma, she was cured of it. On that occasion he said that we will receive many blessings from this child. Allah Almighty knew best. However, it is well known that she was childless. It is possible that she might be an adopted daughter.

23. Because we have no son and he would become the light of our house

Surah Name : Al-Qasas   Surah Number : 28   Ayat Number: 9
Topic : Story of Moses and Pharaoh Part-5 Surah Qasas

 وَاَصۡبَحَ فُؤَادُ اُمِّ مُوۡسٰى فٰرِغًا‌ؕ اِنۡ كَادَتۡ لَـتُبۡدِىۡ بِهٖ لَوۡلَاۤ اَنۡ رَّبَطۡنَا عَلٰى قَلۡبِهَا لِتَكُوۡنَ مِنَ الۡمُؤۡمِنِيۡنَ‏ ﴿۱۰﴾

10. And next morning the heart of the mother of Musa became impatient (24). Surely it was near that she might have disclosed(25) his condition, if We had not solaced her heart. (26) that she might remain believing in Our promise.

24. When she heard that her beloved son had reached the place of Pharaoh. But this impatience was a natural one, and not due to unawareness because she knows that her son would return safely to her, as has been outlined above.

25. By uttering in a fit of ecstasy, Oh my son!

26. From this we learn that sometimes the response of it had not come before its utterance. Thus in the verse of Surah Yusuf "And he who would have also desired her, if he would not have the proof of his Lord” (512 V24). ‘if he would not’ is the latter condition while he would also have desired her is requittal which receives priority. What this actually means is that if Hazrat Yusuf (On the whom be peace) had not seen the proof of his Lord, he would have desired Lady Zulekha

Surah Name : Al-Qasas   Surah Number : 28   Ayat Number: 10
Topic : Story of Moses and Pharaoh Part-5 Surah Qasas

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